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13 Cards in this Set

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Popular Sovereignty

Notion that the sovereign people of a given territory should decide whether to allow slavery

Free Soil party

Anti-slavery party in the 1848 and 1852 elections that opposed the extension of slavery into the territories, arguing that the presence of slavery would limit opportunities for free laborers

Underground Railroad

Informal network of volunteers that helped runaway slaves escape from the South and reach free-soil Canada

California gold rush

Inflow of miners to Northern California after news reports of the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in January of 1848 had spread around the world by the end of that year

Seventh of March speech

Daniel Webster's impassioned address urging the North to support the Compromise of 1850

Compromise of 1850

Admitted California as a free state, open New Mexico and Utah to popular sovereignty, ended the slave trade (but not slavery itself) in Washington DC, and introduced a more stringent fugitive slave law

Fugitive Slave Law

Passed as a part of the compromise of 1850, it set high penalties for anyone who aided escaped slaves and compelled all law enforcement officers to participate in retrieving runaways

Clayton-Buwler Treaty

Signed by Great Britain and the United States, it provided that the two nations would jointly protect the neutrality of Central America and that neither power would seek to fortify or exclusively control any future isthmian waterway

Ostend Manifesto

Secret Franklin Pierce administration proposal to purchase or, that failing to wrest military Cuba from Spain

Opium War

War between Britain and China over trading rights, particularly Britain's desire to continue selling opium to Chinese traders

Treaty of Wanghia

Signed by the United States and China, it assured the United States the same trading concessions granted to other powers, greatly expanding America's trade with the Chinese

Gadsden Purchase

Acquired additional land from Mexico for $10 million to facilitate the construction of a southern transcontinental railroad

Kansas-Nebraska Act

Proposed that the issue of slavery be decided by popular sovereignty in the Kansas and Nebraska territories, thus revoking the 1820 Missouri Compromise