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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
- male (75%)
- normal hearing
- history of ear infections
- low birth weight
- congenital infections
- meningitis
- oxygen deprivation
- difficult pregnancy/delivery
- slow developing nervous system
- frequently misunderstands oral instructions/questions
- gives inappropriate responses
- delays in responding
- discrepancy in performance of verbal vs. written questions
- says "what" frequently
- uses a loud voice
- needs repetition
- inability to understand over background noise
- inability to attend to most important stimulus
- easily distracted by background noise
- may have problems with phonics or discriminating speech sounds
- reading impairments
- difficulty recognizing a word when only parts are given
- may have poor expressive or receptive language
- behavioral problems
auditory processing
fully utilize what is heard
language processing
process of hearing, discriminating, assigning meaning, and interpreting spoken words, phrases, and sentences
- problems with word retrieval
- use of generic terms
- use of fillers, "I don't know"
- verbal repetition
- incomplete sentences
- pragmatic problems
- learning disability
auditory analysis
breaking a word into specific sound segments
auditory association
pairing a sound withits source
auditory attention
being aware of and attending to auditory signals
auditory closure
filling in missing/distorted acoustic information to complete word/message
auditory discrimination
distinguishing similarities and differences between sounds
auditory figure-ground
attending to relevant linguistic information presented with background competing auditory stimuli of noise of linguistic information
auditory memory
retaining components of auditory signal over period of time
auditory sequencing
remembering auditory information in a specific order
binaural fusion
ability to fuse into one sounds heard from two separate inputs
binaural separation
ability to attend to stimuli presented to one ear while ignoring stimuli presented to the other
ability to determine location of sound source
temporal aspects
temporal resolution, masking, integration, ordering
- see if child can attend to any task
- see if there is discrepancy in performance between written and oral instructions
role of SLP
- educate parents and staff
- refer and evaluate
- integrate into therapy
role of AUD
- assess central auditory processing piece
strategies for APD
Ferre: Tripod model
- direct treatment of auditory skills (clinician):
discrimination tasks (minimal pairs, environmental vs. speech sounds),
memory skills/sequencing
- environmental modifications (teacher, parent)
preferential seating (increase auditory/visual cues, reduce background noise),
alternative stimuli (visual),
reduce distractions (sound insulation, student noise, desk arrangement)
- compensatory strategies (client)
assertiveness (seek out visual cues, change environment, repetition),
alternative means for receiving information