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36 Cards in this Set

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Definition - "New Stone Age"Why Important - creation of people of the new stone age and how to continue making it better.


Definition - "Old Stone Age"Why Important - creation of tools and simple ideas for key survival.

Slash & Burn

Definition - a way to "weed-free" an area before planting cropsWhy Important - fertile and produced abundants harvests.

"Gift of the Nile"

Everything. The water and fertile land helped grow plants and food.

This was the gift to the Egyptian People.


Pictures and Symbols used to communicate with each other. First step in writing down things.


African kingdom that overtook the New Egypt in 700 BCE to 650 BCE. It's the end of Egyptian rule, old and weak, being able to get taken over.


Itik Empire Rule - invaded egypt bring a spread of technology (wheels)Introduce the wheels and chariots to the new culture.


First Female Pharaoh of Egypt. She ruled jointly with Thutmose the 3.“First Great Women of Egypt”One of the Most successful pharaohs, reigning longer than any other woman of Egyptian Dynasties (She was a Women)

Women’s Role

The women’s roles started in the house caring for children and such, later allowing wealthier women to go to school, and some even run the country or kingdom. The World is changing In truth when men left the women took care of all the needs of the family.Women are capable of doing anything a man can do, but men don’t think they are capable. Women are $ less.

Old Kingdom (2700-2150)

Name of the 3rd millennium BC when egypt first became a civilizationHieroglyphics and religion Power, wealth, and development in EgyptFirst Called Kingdom, marked high points of civilization in lower Nile Valleypyramids built

Middle Kingdom (2040-1786)

Intermediate Period, culturally dynamic arose. Prosperous and PeacefulInvaded by the Hyksos who were armed with Chariots and compound bows.

New Kingdom

Egyptians reformed after the Hyksos took over. New Leader named Rameses 2Egypt conquered a great deal of territory in Middle East and Africa (Nubian lands)


Male Dominated...To continue the “royal” blood of the family. a system of society in which the father or eldest male is head of the family and descent is traced through the male line.


the art of crafting metalbronze, iron, steel


Harappan is an archaeological site in Punjab, PakistanThey developed an early form of south Asian writing. They had a high civilization with a good standard of living, central government, agriculture, irrigation and sewage systems, and trade with other early civilizations such as Sumer.


Mohenjo-daro is an archeological site in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. it was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, and one of the world's earliest major urban settlements

Indus River

Also called the Sindhū River one of the longest rivers in Asia. provides key water resources for Pakistan's economy, help with the agricultural production.

Trade System

is a group of specific rules, or parameters, that determine entry and exit points for a given equity

These points, known as signals, are often marked on a chart in real time and prompt the immediate execution of a trade.

Connections with Mesopotamia, Harappa India, Phoenicians and other cultures within the Mediterranean basin, traded agricultureshows the connections with other cultures

Fort - of where they trade Creation of tea kettles, good china, tea, silk.


Reincarnation/ Karma

a caste or subdivision of a casteprovides identity, security and status and has historically been open to change based on economic, social and political influences.


a group of Indo-Europeans who invaded northern India. lighter-skinned horseback warriors conquered darker-skinned natives known as Dravidians forming a common culture as they expanded southward.


absorbed the religion of vedism creating a larger set of reliefs. Majority of people are hindu recognizes 10 of thousands of gods and goddesses creating it to be the most polytheistic religion


of or relating to the family of languages spoken over the greater part of Europe and Asia as far as northern India.The Indo-European languages are a family of several hundred related languages and dialects. There are about 445 Indo-European languages.

Huang He River

Meaning - Yellow River ~ unpredictable flow~ yellow from soil in river bed“China’s Sorrow,” ~ No irrigation systems, instead build dikes and dredged the riverthe people had other ways of growing prosperous crops

Mandate of Heaven

Means “son of heaven”, ~ brought and maintained balance, similar to Jesusshowed the type of religion that may have been focused around balanceGods gave the right to rule to everyone

Extended Family

Non immediate family members~ includes your grandparents, Aunts, uncles, cousins, etc. even though it was a patriarchal society, other people had influences as well had a lot of influence on children, keeping traditions and public and private affairs


"the rubber people" and it derives from the rubber trees that flourish in the region they inhabit.First group their influence others Central American Civilization Olmecs started the first complex society in the Americas.


are a tribe, according to their own legends, from Aztlan somewhere in the north of modern Mexico. who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to 16th centuries.


also known as the Incan Empire, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America.Inca Emperor Pachacuti rises to power and transforms his kingdom into the largest empire in South America.


In greek this means, “The land between the rivers”

fertile lands

Land between the Tigris and Euphrates River

Epic of Gilgamesh

Story of a King/Great ruler of UrukHIs story teaches us about fear, bravery, courage, and faith.

Social Distinctions

a force that assigns different calues on people with in a society

know who and what you need to stand for


Believe in one god

a world wide belief (along with many religions)

Lex talionis

law of retaliation (eye for an eye)

Hammurabi's Code

Babylonian law code of ancient mesopatamia

Start of a government/ created wealth

Venus Figures (Pre-History)

figures of women (venus = aphrodite)

Feminie features are enlarged

wanting of fertility

Homo Sapiens

First Human Creatures

Start of true human spieces