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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Compare and contrast the Virginia plan and the new jersey plan and show how they led to the great compromise.
-Virginia plan
Favored bigger states and wanted representation by population.
Stronger national government
-New Jersey Plan
One vote per state
Weaker federal government, stronger state
-Great Compromise
House of Rep which is based on population
Senate, 2 senators from every state are selected
They form congress
Cite the two fundamental questions that the Supreme Court answered in handing down its decision in McCulloch v Maryland, and explain the impact this decision had on development of the federal system.
Two questions were:
Could congress charter a bank?
Did the state have power to tax the federal govnerment?

- The decision showed that the state government could not have more power than the federal government
Explain the term political culture. Why is it important to examine political culture as well as political institutions and always to understand a political system?
The term political culture refers to a patterned set of beliefs about how politics and governing should be carried out.

To understand the political system, one must be able to grasp the inner workings of the system, such as who governs and how it is run.
Identify and explain three examples of how increasing federal control over registration and election rules has led to the enfranchisement of more groups of voters.
African Americans won their vote when the 15th amendment and the voter act of 1965 were passed. Gender was not an issue at the polls when the 19th amendment was passed. Finally 18-20 year old people were able to vote with the passing of the 26 amendment.
what are 3 cross cutting cleavages that are evident in public opinion in the united states?
religion, gender, social issues.
identify major factors which influence political socialization and explain some of the specific differences that emerge in opinions as a result of these factors.
a major factor in political socialization is the family. many people adopt the political party of their parents. another factor is religion, this factor mainly deals with social issues rather than political. Gender is a nother factor. men tend to vote more republican than women. females tend to vote democratically. finally schooling is another factor. those who attend college and stay in education longer are more liberal.
Identify some of the formal state strategems for keeping blacks from voting after the passage of the fifteenth amendment.
poll tax, white primaries, literacy test, grandfather clause.
list and explain the five kinds of party organization described in the text. give examples of each.
machine - political institutions where people are coaxed to support using incentives.

personal following - people that follow a candidate. such as obama's supporters.

solidary - for society and political for fun. these includes polls and organizations.

idelogical - principle above all. the socialist party.

sponsered parties.
How do the structures of the democratic and republican parties differ?
Republicans - beaurecrized, highly organized, highly paid.

democrats - less organizaed, set up to disperse the power.
Explain the attitude of the Founders toward political parties and how they came into existence.
The founding fathers viewed parties as factions. Washington himself called them factions. Political parties started when Jefferson and Hamilton argued over how government should be run. Their followers argued with each other - hence the birth of parties.
Identify the major differences between presidential and congressional campaigns.
presidential - more compettive, funded by private

congressional - midterm elction ha slower turn out, congressmen can take credit for things presidents cannot.
If more people identify with the democratic party than the republican party, why have republicans won more recent presidential elections?
Democrats are less wed to their party. Republicans generally get independent voters. Finally there is a greater turnout of republican voters.