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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are turbinates? (aka concae)
The scrolls of bone in the nasal cavity that help filter and moisten the air as it passes through the nose
What does the hyoid bone do?
Supports the base of the tongue and aids in swallowing
What joint has menisci?
What is a bronchodilator?
A drug that opens the airways to permit easier respirations
What is the result of when the blood vessels in the skin dilate?
more heat loss and a drop in blood pressure
. How might examination of the bulbar and palpebral portions of the conjunctiva be useful as part of the overall physical examination of an animal?
: The transparency of the conjunctiva allows the underlying tissues to show through, so it can be used as a window to see the blood vessels that are hidden elsewhere in the body by opaque structures, such as the skin. By looking through the conjunctiva at the lining of the eyelid, we can often detect abnormalities such as anemia (pale color caused by decreased blood flow), jaundice (yellowish color) and cyanosis (dark purplish color
An animal can intentionally blink its eyelids. Can it intentionally cover its eye with its third eyelid? Why or why not
No muscles attach to the third eyelid. Its movements are entirely passive
How would an animal with a plugged nasolacrimal system appear? Why?
If the nasolacrimal system were plugged, tears would be “spilling” out of the eyes because they would have nowhere to drain.
If the medial rectus muscle of an animal’s eye was damaged and lost its ability to contract, what would the effect be on the positioning of the affected eye? Why?
If the medial rectus muscle was unable to contract, the animal would not be able to rotate that eyeball toward midline, because this muscle originates from a small area around the optic canal and fissure and inserts on the medial side of the sclera (near the 9 o’clock position if you are standing in front of the animal).