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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Human communication by means of shared symbols
Consonant that makes use of “clicks,” like in Ashanti
Implosive consonant
The archaeology of a society that has written records
Historical archaeology
The time needed for one-half of a given amount of a radioactive substance to decay
The innate capacity of humans to speak grammatically correctly
Generative grammar
A subfield of anthropology applied to legal matters. Usually involved in the identification of skeletal remains and the assessment of time and cause of death.
Forensic anthropology
The process of making stone tools
Flint knapping
Like our consonants
Explosive consonant
The process of understanding ancient skills and technologies by reproducing them.
Experimental archaeology
A method employed by archaeologists commonly known as “digging.” It takes into account both time and space, i.e., how far down something was uncovered in relation to other artifacts
The study of the meanings of words, especially as they relate to folk taxonomy
Interpreting archaeological data through the observation of analogous activities in existing societies.
Ethnographic analogy
Restricting marriage to members of the same culturally defined group
Natural or human-made casts of the inside of a skull; the cast reflects the surface of the brain and allows us to study the brains of even extinct species.
Here, the two levels of human language: units of sound and units of meaning that those units of sound are combined to create
The ability to communicate about things and ideas not immediate in space or time
The movement of cultural ideas and artifacts among societies. Cultural borrowing
The study of the structure of language in general and of the specific variations among languages
Descriptive linguistics
The result of pidgin languages passed down to the next generation; a formal language with larger vocabulary, more complex grammar, and more consistency than its original pidgin language.
What starts or stops the flow of sound created by a vowel
Concentric circles created in rock from the shockwaves caused by flint knapping. They may be studied to determine where the blow struck and in what direction.
Conchoidal shells
Words that are similar in two or more languages as a result of common descent
Communication systems of all nonhumans, where there may be communication through meaningful signs, but all meanings are specific. Thus, there is a finite amount of things that may be communicated
Closed communication system
A geographic continuum in the variation of a trait. A gradual change in the variation over a geographic area.
A radiometric dating technique using the decay rate of a radioactive form of carbon found in organic remains
Carbon dating
a puff of air released from the mouth after saying a consonant
Here, the fact that the features of human languages bear no direct relation to their meanings but are agreed-on symbols
Dating that gives a specific age, year, or range of years for an object or site.
Absolute dating