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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Antibodies released by plasma cells are involved in:

Bodies defensives

the mycardium recieves its blood supply directly from

Coronary Arteries

freshly oxygenated blood is recieved by the

left atrium

the circulatory route that runs from the digestive tract to the liver is called

hepatic portal circulation

an obstruction in the inferior vena cava would hamper the return of blood from the

lower body

the arterial system that supplies the brain with blood is the

Coratid arteries

the layer of the heart wall composed of cardiac muscle is the


what side of the heart is the largest

left because it does the pumping

the main function of the rods are

to see in dim light

the term central nervous system refers to the

brain and spinal cord

preparing the body for "fight or flight" response is the role of the

sympathetic nervous system

where does digestion begin

when food reaches the oral cavity

part of taste derives from stimulation of

smell (olfaction senses)

explain how smell and taste go together

when you eat the aroma goes up through the back of your throat to your nose you olfactory sense then interpets the aroma as smell therfore enhancing the taste

the region of the tongue with the greatest sensitivity to sweet taste is the


in health adult erythrocytes are formed

in the red bone marrow

the normal pH in blood is


the total number of spinal nerves in the body are

31 pair

what is the toal number of cranial nerves


the size of an adult eye is about

1 in

the dark pigment in the eye that prevents light from scattering

choroid coat

the left AV valve is also called the


the type of tissue that blood is classifyed into


plasma is % water


list three cranial nerves

olfactory, optic nerve, trochlear

the most common blood type


a person with blood type O can safley recieve


list five parts of the ear

pinna,hammer,eardrum, anvil, stirup

describe the pathway of blood through the heart

blood enters the right atrium from the right atrium, from the right ventricle, pulmonary semilunar valves, right and left pulmonary arteries to lungs, O2 blood goes to heart, pulmonary veins, left atrium, acuspid, left valve, aortic valve then through the body

list the main reason valves are found in veins and not arteries

less pressure

name the four cardinal signs of acute inflammation





whats the first line of defense of the nonspecific body defenses


whats an embolus

moving blood clot, air bubble, fatty deposit

list several surface membrane barriers




mucus nasal airs


the cranial nerve that is responsible for the sense of smell


transparent anterior portion of the eyeball


depressed area made up of only cones

ovea sinsoralis

light sensitive membrane


list any structure of the inner ear

hair cells

name any structure of the middle ear


located between the left atrium and the left ventricle

the bicuspid valve

located between the right atrium and the right ventricle

tricuspid valve

located close to the origin of the coronary arteries

aortic semilunar valves

blood passes through this valve upon leaving the right ventricle

semilunar valve

list five parts of the eye






the hypothalmus is important in regulating

horemones and chemical substanses that control different cells and organs

the series of reactions that stop blood flow following a cut


ABO blood groups are based on the presense of

certain antigens

if the specialized area of the cerebral hemisphere corresponding to Broca's area is damaged what is the result

motor control of the muscles associated with speech are lost

what is the job of a phagocyte

engulf and digest material found

list three types of glial cells




differnce between voluntary and involuntary nervous systems

voluntary is when you know you are making the movement and involuntary is when your body does it naturally

what vitamin is responsible for helping blood clot

vitamin K

what is the RAS responsible for

regulating wakefullness and sleep wake transitions

name three small ossicles found in our ear




the auditory ossicles called the "anvil" is also called


explain the difference between cataracts and glaucoma

cataracts are when the usually clear lens begins thicking and becomes discolored

glaucoma occurs because of optic nerve damage

know the name of each valve in the heart and where its located

tricuspid (right)

bicuspid (left)

pulmonary valve (middle)

aortic valve (top)