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47 Cards in this Set

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Anterior (ventral)
front surface, belly side of the frontal plane; ventral for animals
Posterior (dorsal)
back surface, rump side of the frontal plane, dorsal for animals
Superior (cranial)
Above the waist/ transverse plane
Inferior (caudal)
below the waist/ transerve plane
Proximal
toward the point of reference
Distal
away from the point of reference
Superficial
close to the body's surface
Deep
farther from the body's surface
Dorsal body cavity-
contains the cranial and spinal cavity
Ventral body cavity-
thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
Sagittal plane-
divides the body into right and left plane
Frontal(coronal) plane-
Divides the body into an interior and posterior part
Transverse plane-
Divides the body into a superior part and an inferior
Lateral-
away from the bodies midline
Medial-
toward the body's midline
Thoracic cavity
part of the ventral cavity, contains the pleural, pericardial, mediastinum cavities
abdominopelvic cavity
part of the ventral cavity, contains the abdominal and pelvic cavities; The peritoneal cavity is a potential space that separate the organs in the abdominal cavity from the abdominal wall.
Mediastinum
part of the thoracic cavity and ventral cavity; The median partition of the thoracic cavity, covered by the mediastinal part of the parietal pleura and containing all the thoracic viscera and structures except the lungs
Pericardial cavity
part of the ventral and thoracic cavities; the space between the layers of the pericardium that contains fluid that lubricates the membrane surfaces and allows easy heart movement
Abdominal cavity
part of the ventral cavity; esophagus, the stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, and bladder.
Pelvic cavity
inside the abdominopelvic region in the ventral cavity; contains reproductive organs, the urinary bladder, the pelvic colon, and the rectum
Anatomical position -
facing forward, Arms of the sides, palms facing forward
cranial cavity
part of the dorsal cavity, houses the brain
vertebral cavity
part of the dorsal cavity, houses the spinal cord
Dorsal cavity
includes the cranial and vertabral cavities and the posterior region of the thoracic, abdominaopelvic cavities
digestive system-
esophagus, gallbladder, liver, begins with the mouth and extends through the stomach, small intestine, and large intestine, ending with the rectum and anus.
Endocrine system-
APTT HOPT - adrenal glands, Pancreas, Thyroid gland, thymus, hypothalamus, ovaries, pituitary, testes
mediastinal cavity affected -
The diagnosis is a collapsed lung
Levels of hierarchy
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, and organ system
Supine position-
Lying with her face up
pH
concentration of hydrogen ions present in a solution
Acid
pH <7
Basic
pH >7
Neutral
pH = 7
Buffer-
resist large swings in the pH of solution
Enzyme-
Catalyst that speeds up a specific chemical reaction
Valance electron-
electrons and the outer shell involved in chemical reactions
DNA-
located in the nucleus of cells; contains instructions for building every protein in an organism
Enzyme
is a protein-If it is denatured it is no longer functional
Atomic mass number-
sum of the protons and neutrons in the nucleus
Electrons-
found in the shells with a negative charge
element-
composed of only one kind of atom
A molecule
composed of different types of elemental atoms
Synthesis
the production of chemical compounds by reaction from simpler materials
Chemical reaction-
interaction between atoms or molecules in which chemical bonds are formed, broken, or rearranged; electrons are transferred between molecules
solute
substance present in the solution in lower amount -Often a solid
Solvent-
a substance present and a solution in higher amounts; Often a liquid