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128 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
For each of the following intransitive sentences, identify the skeleton. (flip for definition)
In INTRANSITIVE sentences, the subject and verb alone communicate the essential meaning of the sentence. There are no other elements in the sentence except modifiers (other words and prep phrases).
The big blue moon up in the sky rose in the night.
Moon rose
The frightened fawn darted out of the forest.
Fawn darted
The mother with two children strolled down the street.
Mother strolled
Groups of soldiers have marched during war times.
Groups have marched
Last night, my oldest brother ate alone.
Brother ate
Why do you complain about homework?
You do complain
Have she been whispering to me?
She has been whispering
In time, dogs may howl at the moon during the night.
Dogs may howl
The older student pushed.
Student pushed
The rules have been written for a reason.
Rules have been written
You must abide by them at all times.
You must abide
Sadly, his good-looking appearance faded over the years.
Appearance faded
The rivers flooded after the thunderstorm.
Rivers flooded
Her makeover from a blonde to a brunette lasted for three hours.
Makeover lasted
For each of the following transitive sentences, identify the DO. (flip for definition)
The DIRECT OBJECT, abbreviated DO receives the direct action of the verb. It is a noun that comes after the verb that answers the question, "who or what?" It may have modifiers with it, but the DO is the noun by itself.

Transitive sentences always have a DO. It's what makes them different from intransitive sentences.
The older student pushed the freshman.
The scary monster destroyed many cities.
Large factories manufacture large items.
His downcast eyes shed only two tears.
The gallant young gentleman carried her books to class.

*Her is not the direct object because her is not the thing being carried; books are being carried. Books is receiving the action of carrying, not her.
The pilot skillfully landed the antique airplane.
A thoughtful consumer will weigh all possible options ahead of time.
Remarkably, I guided our car safely into the ditch.
Does Mrs. Mitchell allow gum in her classroom?
Research three different topics in preparation for your assignment tomorrow.
May I hold one of the puppies?

*Puppies is not the DO because it is within a prep phrase. The DO, like the subject and verb, cannot be part of a prep phrase since a prep phrase is just a modifier, not an essential part of the sentence.
The smell of my socks quickly filled the room.
For each of the following transitive sentences, identify the skeleton. (flip for definition)
The skeleton of an intransitive sentence will always be the following:


The DO is essential to the meaning of the sentence, so it is part of the skeleton.
The frustrated journalist quickly typed her article.
Journalist typed article
Young lions need the tender care of their mother.
Lions need care
Rusty, old machinery uses too much electricity.
Machinery uses electricity
Have you been watching television lately?
You have been watching television
Did the news accurately describe the horrific event?
News did describe event
As a diabetic, I must monitor my blood sugar.
I must monitor sugar
Speaking in public always intimidates me.
Speaking intimidates me
The most famous authors write memorable stories about real life.
Authors write stories
She must control her appetite at other people’s houses.
She must control appetite
For each of the following sentences, identify whether it is intransitive or transitive. (flip)
While it may seem that what distinguishes transitive sentences from intransitive ones is simply the presence of words after the verb, this is not the case.

Transitive sentences always have at least a noun after the verb that functions as the DO. They may also have other modifiers and prep phrases.

Intransitive sentences often but not always also have words after the verb, but never a DO. They are most often prep phrases and modifiers.

Basically, to distinguish intransitive and transitive sentences, you must determine whether there is a DO that answers “who or what” after the verb and receives the action.

Tip: Think transitive verbs transition to a DO to help you remember.
The orchestra played in the theater.
The orchestra played a song.
I climbed the rooftop.
I climbed on top of the roof.
Have you returned the library book yet?
Actually, it is still sitting on my desk.
Will you be visiting Mrs. Jones later?
Right now, I do not know.
Why do you lie in bed till noon?
I took a long, exhausting test yesterday.
Those flowers generally bloom in the spring.
They attract bees during spring
For each intransitive or transitive sentence, identify the sentence skeleton. (flip)
Remember, all sentence skeletons have a subject and verb. if the sentence is transitive, it will also have a DO.
Professional players usually make plenty of money.
Players make plenty
One of my younger cousins will sleep here.
One will sleep
The burrito was stuffed with delicious kidney beans.
Burrito was stuffed
Pioneering farmers have changed the landscape drastically.
Farmers have changed landscape
A better bank will soon open nearby.
bank will open
We suggested a slightly longer interval between tests.
we suggested interval
Nowadays, college students are spending time in coffee shops.
students are spending time
She shyly batted her luscious eyelashes.
she batted eyelashes
After that, she smiled at him.
she smiled
Hedgehogs have prickly spines on their bodies.
hedgehogs have spines
A hedgehog rolls itself into a tight ball.
hedgehog rolls itself
Most predators move past the potential prey.
predators move
Are you ignoring me on purpose?
you are ignoring me
My alarm sounded at the appropriate time.
alarm sounded
You must make eye-contact with the audience.
you must make eye-contact
Grandmother was making dinner in the kitchen.
grandmother was making dinner
Did she prepare for the soccer game tomorrow?
she did prepare
Could you pass the gravy to me?
you could pass gravy
For each of the following ditransitive sentences, identify the IO. (flip for definition)
The INDIRECT OBJECT, abbreviated IO, is the noun that receives the DO. It answers the question, "to whom/what or for whom/what?" after the DO. It may have modifiers with it, but the IO is the noun by itself.

The IO always comes between the verb and the DO.

Ditransitive sentences always have an IO. It's what makes them different from transitive sentences.
Could you pass Carl the gravy?
I gave her a present.
I can read you my poem later.
The university awarded the winner a hefty scholarship.
The loving fiancee bought his girl red roses.
Will the professor grant me two more days for my project?
For each of the following ditransitive sentences, identify the skeleton. (flip for definition)
The skeleton of a ditransitive sentence will always be the following:

The ambitious teacher assigned her class a long essay.
Teacher assigned class essay
Have you offered our guest a piece of cake?
you have offered guest piece
The waitress brought us our meals so slowly.
Waitress brought us meals
Why did she send her sister that nasty letter?
She did send sister letter
My roommate never gave me a birthday card.
Roommate gave me card
I might lend her my old prom dress for her own prom.
I might lend her dress
Mischievous students give teachers a hard time.
Students give teachers time
She kindly handed her grandmother a tissue for her tears.
She handed grandmother tissue
For each of the following sentences, identify whether it's intransitive, transitive, or ditransitive. (flip)
To distinguish between ditransitive and transitive sentences, simply look for an IO. If there is a DO but no IO, the sentence is transitive.

If there is neither a DO nor an IO, it is intransitive.
Children always beg their parents for one more bedtime story.
Their parents then read their children a story.
She handed her supervisor her typed two-week notice yesterday.
Her supervisor did not handle the news well.
The dog trainer promised me noticeable results in two months.
I never did notice a difference in my dog.
Did you send that email to her?
Have you sent her my test scores?
I ran up the hill without a break.
I conquered the hill with my expertise.
She gave me her word on it.
I jumped at the sound of a car horn outside my window.
The airplane flew over the fluffy white clouds.
The pilot landed the craft with great precision.
I promised her the front seat on our long road trip.
Her suitcases filled the whole trunk.
Did you receive my note?
Did your sister give you the note?
The tired mother cried with joy at the sight of her baby.
The nurse happily handed her the young child.
For each intransitive, transitive, or ditransitive sentence, identify the skeleton. (flip)
Remember, all sentence skeletons have a subject and verb. if the sentence is transitive, it will also have a DO. If it is ditransitive, it will have an IO and a DO.
My best friend is coming to my house next week.
friend is coming
Did you see the new girl across the hall?
you did see girl
The publishers rejected her idea for a children’s book.
publishers rejected idea
Three little birds chirped at me from their hidden nest.
bird chirped
She asked me a question about my future plans.
she asked me question
I gave her a stunning answer.
I gave her answer
Will you be running in the half-marathon?
you will be running
Magicians can fool large numbers of people.
magicians can fool numbers
Love songs are always playing on the radio.
songs are playing
Mechanics sometimes offer customers discounts through coupons.
mechanics offer customers discounts
The skilled artist could only paint with pastel colors.
artist could paint
The student in the first row explained that concept to me.
student explained concept
The old man built his granddaughter a little playhouse.
man built granddaughter playhouse
Desperate people will pay stylists $100 for new haircuts.
people will pay stylists $100
I will be hosting a dinner party next Saturday night.
I will be hosting party
Clumsy people can trip up a flight of stairs.
people can trip
Because of my broken leg, my ankle is swelling.
ankle is swelling
The grand piano posed a problem for the movers.
piano posed problem
You must try my new recipe for macaroni and cheese.
you must try recipe
The government should give small businesses tax breaks.
government should give businesses breaks