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79 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
scientific term for egg white
term for the stiff quill of a feather
region of an egg yolk where the embryo develops
germinal spot
dense, twisted cord that supports the yolk of an egg and allows it to remain upright as the egg is rolled in the nest
strong feathers found only on a bird's wings that account for much of the wing's area and provide the proper wing shape for flight
flight feathers
strong feathers found on a bird's body, wings, and tail that provide the bird's streamlined shape
contour feathers
soft, fluffy feathers close to a bird's body that serve as lightweight insulation
down feathers
a retractable group of feathers on the front of a bird's wing that aids maneuvering and helps prevent stalling
a transparent "third eyelid" that allows a bird or reptile to blink and moisten its cornea without obstructing its vision
nicitating membrane
"voice box" of a bird
The sac in a bird's esophagus that stores food temporarily is the ____
The heart of a bird has ____ chambers
An animal that regulates its temperature by external factors, so that its temperature fluctuates with its surrounding, is said to be ____.
Animals that bring forth live young from eggs hatched within the mother's body are described as ____
The type of snake locomotion in which a snake moves the front part of its body forward, coils it slightly to anchor it, and then pulls the back part forward is _____.
concertina movement
The organ that provides a snake with its sense of smell is the ____
Jacobson's Organ
According to the text, the largest venomous snake is the ____
King cobra
The heat-sensitive organs that allow some viperids to "see" warm objects in absolute darkness are the ____
pit organs
A scientist who studies birds is call an ____
The largest living turtles are the _____
sea turtles
The heart of an amphibian has _____ chambers
Pigment cells in the skin of an amphibian are called ____
The condition of retaining larval characteristics throughout life, characteristic of some amphibians, is called ____
The largest living amphibian is the ____
Japanese Giant Salamander
The term newt refers to _____
the aquatic form of various members of the family Salamandridae
Slender, burrowing, wormlike amphibians that lack legs and are seldom seen by man are the ____
The upper shell of a turtle is the _____
The philosophy that promotes the idea that the universe consists of nothing but matter and energy and has no spiritual or supernatural aspects
The study of fossils
made of solid bone and are shed every year
A mammal that enters a dormant state during the winter in which its body temperature falls to near the freezing point is said to ____
Animals which "chew the cud"
The process in which bird eggs are kept warm (usually by an adult bird sitting on them) so that the young birds will develop properly in the eggs
An animal that is able to run or swim almost immediately after hatching
Routes that migrating birds follow year after year
Based on the way in which their young are nourished and brought forth, birds are best described as ____
includes songbirds
perching birds
includes eagles, hawks, falcons, and vultures
birds of prey
includes ducks, gees, herons, and storks
water birds
includes pheasants, grouse, and turkeys
game birds
includes ostriches, emus, and kiwis
flightless birds
The marine ecosystem in which water from rivers and streams meets with sea water is the ___
The term that refers to the "occupation" or function of an organism in an ecosystem is ____
The symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is neither harmed nor helped is ____
The biome characterized by harsh winters, fairly long summers, and little or no permafrost is the ____
northern coniferous forest
The classification used to describe one organism's feeding relationship to other organisms in its ecosystem is ___
trophic level
The principle that all organisms are composed of cells or cell products and that all cells come from preexisting cells is known as _____
the cell theory
The belief that living things can arise from nonliving is known as ___
spontaneous generation
An experiment in which all factors are identical except the one being tested is called a ____
controlled experiment
The Dutch naturalist who devoted his life to microscopy was ____
Anton von Leeuwenhoek
The "Father of Anatomy" who wrote a monumental book known as the Fabrica was ___
Andreas Vesalius
group of reptiles that includes iguanas, geckos, Komodo dragons, and chameleons
group of snakes that includes water moccasins, copperheads, and rattlesnakes
group of snakes that includes cobras, mambas, and coral snakes
group of snakes that includes boas, anacondas, and pythons
group of reptiles characterized that includes caimans and gavials
group of reptiles characterized by a shell and toothless jaws
rare, lizardlike reptiles also known as Sphenodon
leaping, tailless amphibians with smooth, moist skin
Organisms that feed on both plants and animals are called ____
Living factors in the environment are referred to as ____ factors
Large geographical regions identified by their climax vegetation and distinctive animal life are called ____
The place where an organism lives is referred to as its ____
Remains or impressions of plants, animals, or humans preserved in rock are called ____
The principle that animals or plants well suited to their environment are more likely to survive than organisms poorly suited to their environment is called ____
natural selection
Annually moving to a different region is known as ____
Unlearned knowledge that an animal possesses from birth is known as ____
A tentative, untested solution to a scientific problem is known as a ____
The British naturalist who wrote Origin of Species and Descent of Man was ____
Charles Darwin
Natural selection cannot produce new kinds because ____
variety within kinds has definite limits, natural selection acts to preserve existing kinds, and transitional forms would be unfit to survive
The sudden outburst of living things of great variety in the fossil record, showing no evidence of evolution, is referred to as the _____
Cambrian explosion
Which of the following statements concerning Neanderthal man is true?
Neanderthal man was fully man
Mammals are said to exhibit the type of symmetry known as ____
bilateral symmetry
Gnawing mammals such as rats, chipmunks, and squirrels are classified as ____
Even-toed ungulates such as cattle, sheep, and deer are classified as ____
Examples of primates with tails include the ____
Mammals that raise their young in special abdominal pouches are classified as _____
Animals that are vertebrates are characterized by ____
a backbone, bilateral symmetry, and an endoskeleton of bone or cartilage
A bird's respiratory system is different from a human's in that _____
large air sacs are present in the bird's body cavity, a bird possesses a syrinx instead of a larynx, and air flows straight through a bird's lungs, whereas it flows in and out of a human's lungs