Avian Anatomical System Essay

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Avian Anatomical System
Anatomy is the science of the structure of an animal it is derived from the Greek word meaning “to cut up” according to Merriam-Webster. It is important to gain an understanding about the Avian Anatomical System because understanding it is essential when caring for a poultry flock or developing a successful cost-effective environment for them. Learning about the Avian Anatomical System includes fully understanding the external and internal anatomy of the bird. In doing so you will be able to effectively recognize when something is wrong and how to take the crucial steps to correct the problem. Furthermore, understanding the breakdown of the avian is crucial in recognizing a healthy avian verses sick or diseased
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The systems include various systems such as the following according to Anatomy and Philology of Poultry.
Circulatory System Janet Sinn-Hanlon of The Avian Circulatory Systems details their circulatory system as a well-organized cardiovascular system that allows it to meet the strains that include flight, running, swimming, or diving, she also stated that “The cardiovascular system not only delivers oxygen to body cells (and removes metabolic wastes) but also plays an important role in maintaining a bird 's body temperature. The avian circulatory system consists of a heart plus vessels that transport: nutrient, oxygen and carbon dioxide, waste products, hormones, and
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Reproductive System The male and female reproductive systems are different in the fact that rosters have two testes located internally in the body, Ductus Deferens that delivers the semen from the testes to the phallus and a Rudimentary phallus which is an internal protuberance. Females or hens normally have one left ovary as well as an Oviduct that produces the egg white and shell around the yolk. Their vent is also the opening from the digestive system but serves as the urinary tract and the reproductive tract.
Respiratory System for bird includes nine air sacs that are located in the neck area and body cavity that inflates the lungs and exchange air in and out.
Skeletal System “The skeletal system provides the strong framework for the support and protection of the remainder of the systems, organs and tissues that make up the body of the fowl. Bird bones that are homologous to bones found in other animals have evolved over time to enhance the ability of the bird to fly. While fowls are not able to fly well, they still retain that ability to some extent”, according to Poultry Cooperative Research Centre

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