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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Functional Assessment

Gather information. Observe & interview to investigate challenging behaviour


PBS. Guess to why person uses escape or attention behaviour

Functional Analysis

Testing hypothesis to see if you're correct in guess

Positive Test

Provide situation where you believe behaviour should occur to test hypothesis

Negative Test

Provide situation where you think behaviour won't happen to test hypothesis

Challenging Behaviour Variables

Curricular, environment, health/medical/personal, social

6 Functions of Inappropriate Behaviour

Gain Attention, Gain tangible, gain sensory stimuli, escape attention, escape tasks, escape internal stimuli

Informant Assessment

Indirect strategies for gathering information. (Interviews)

Descriptive Assessment

Direct observation strategies for gathering information. (Reports, baselines)


Differential Reinforcement Lower Rates of Behaviour: reinforce to decrease behaviour that is inappropriate in large amounts


Differential Reinforcement Other Behaviour: reinforce only zero occurence of behaviour in set time period


Differential Reinforcement Alternate Behaviour: reinforcement delivered to alternate behaviour. Two behaviours can occur at same time, only one reinforced.


Differential Reinforcement Incompatible Behaviour: reinforcement delivered to incompatible behaviour. Two behaviours can't occur at same time.

Noncontingent Reinforcement

Provide reinforcers at preselected times. Disassociate behaviour with reinforcement


Withholding reinforcement of previously reinforced behavioural decrease that behaviour


Person makes things right

Response Cost

Pay penalty for what they do. Take away specific amounts of reinforcers when undesired behaviour occurs


Reduce behaviour by teaching other behaviour with exaggerated experience

Restitution Overcorrection

Person must overcorrect environment disturbed by bad behaviour (spill milk / clean the whole kitchen)

Positive Practice Overcorrection

Person must engage in practice of appropriate behaviour a lot

Negative Practice

Repeating inappropriate behaviour

Positive Practice

Repeating positive behaviour to learn skill

Differential Reinforcement

Applying specifically identified schedule of reinforcement that is used to decrease or eliminate rate of behaviours

Natural Consequence

Events that occur as result of behaviour. Nothing has to be added, consequences happen naturally

behaviour. Nothing has to be added, consequences happen naturally

behaviour. Nothing has to be added, consequences happen naturally

Logical Consequence

Social rules. Events that occur as predetermined intervention to do with behaviour. (Miss bus, spend own money on taxi)

Scatter Plot

Baseline that measures occurences of behaviour with respect to time, setting, or task. Frequency of behaviour in intervals