Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/8

Click to flip

8 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Acid Anhydrides are formed from:

A dehydration reaction between two Carboxylic Acids.

Naming acid anhydrides:

Figure out the carboxylic acid, and where its name would be '-oic acid', an anhydride will be '-oic anhydride'.

The reaction mechanism for Acid Anhydrides:




– The condition?


– The by-broduct

Nucleophilic Addition Elimination.




– Room temperature.


– Carboxylic Acid.

Water as the nucleophile:




– Forms?

2x Carboxylic Acids (It's the reverse reaction).

Alcohol as the nucleophile:




– Forms?

An Ester + Carboxylic Acid.

Ammonia as the nucleophile:




– Forms?

An Amide + Carboxylic Acid.

An amine as the nucleophile:




– Forms?

An N-Substituted Amide + Carboxylic Acid.

Acid Anhydrides are used industrially:




1) To produce?


2) Becasue?

1) Asprin.


2) It is cheaper and safer than using ethanoyl chloride which produces toxic fumes of HCl.