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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Calvin Coolidge

(1923-1925) and (1925-1929), taciturn; small gov't conservative; laissez faire ideology; in favor of immigration restriction (Immigration Act); reduced the tax burden; the Bonus Bill was passed over his veto; Revenue Act of 1924; Kellogg-Briand Pact

Kellogg-Briand Treaty

Outlawed War

Herbert Hoover

1928; Republican; approach to economy known as voluntarism (avoid destroying individuality/self-reliance by government coercion of business); of course, in 1929 the stock market crashed; tried to fix it through creating the Emergency Relief and Construction Act and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (didn't really work)

Immigration Act

established policy of immigration control

McCarran-Walter Act

Modified immigration act by including asians

Black Tuesday

A name given to October 29, 1929, when stock prices fell sharply.

reasons for stock market crash

unequal distribution of wealth

rise of protectionism

fragility of banking system

technology leads to overproduction

overconfidence in market

buying on margin

reasons for great depression

false Prosperity


Stock market crash

banking crisis


trade collapse

government policy

Hawley smoot Tariff

(HH) 1930 , charged a high tax for imports thereby leading to less trade between America and foreign countries along with some economic retaliatio, HIGHEST EVER

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Roosevelt, the President of the United States during the Depression and WWII. He instituted the New Deal. Served from 1933 to 1945, he was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms

21st amendment

repealed prohibition

New Deal




A plan by President Franklin Roosevelt intended to bring economic relief, recovery, and reforms to the country after the Great Depression.

Relief Programs

Agricultural adjustment act

Civilian Conservation Corps

Public Work Administration

Recover Programs

National Industrial Recovery Act

Work Progress Administration

Reform Programs

glass steagal

wagner act

social security

Court packing

Roosevelt's attempt to fill the supreme court with democrates because the court kept knocking down aspects of the new deal

Stimson Doctrine

The US wouldnt recognize any territory brought about by agression

Quarantine Speach

FDR urged world wide quarantine and nuetrality

Panay Incident

Japanese gunned down American boat, they said it was an accident apologized and payed

Selective Service Act

First peactime draft in history

Lend Lease

Allow president to sell war equipment at benefit of the united states


nations could by weapons with cash and buy whatever they could carry

Battle of Midway

First major US victory over Japan

Atomic Bomb

dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki


greatest military naval assault of all time

battle of buldge

Germany's last counter offense attack

United Nations

An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.

Potsdam Conference

July 26, 1945 - Allied leaders Truman, Stalin and Churchill met in Germany to set up zones of control and to inform the Japanese that if they refused to surrender at once, they would face total destruction.

Yalta Conference

1945 Meeting with US president FDR, British Prime Minister(PM) Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war

San Francisco Charter

where plans of the United Nations were arranged

Harry Truman

33rd President of the United States. Led the U.S. to victory in WWII making the ultimate decision to use atomic weapons for the first time. Shaped U.S. foreign policy regarding the Soviet Union after the war.

Progressive party

wanted to expand new deal and maintain good relations with USSR

Henry Wallace

head of progressives

Taft-Hartley Act

Closed shop=illegal

Union member could not be communist

80 day cooling off period after strike

Truman Doctrine

a policy apposing aggressive communism all around the world

Marshall Plan

A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)


..., North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries

Warsaw Pact

An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO