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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
この皿はプラスチックで、そして、このコップは紙でできている。
This plate is made from plastic, and this cup is made from paper.
---N でできている
This grammar (でできている)is used when describing something specific. i.e. the "plate" and "cup."
チーズやヨーグルトは牛乳からできます。
Cheese and yogurt are made from milk.
---からできます。

N から indicates the materials are not immediately obvious. できる is used for general statements.
富士山の高さは何キロくらいでしょうか。
About how many meters is the height of Mt. Fuji, I wonder.
The suffix さ is attached to the stem of an i-adjective or a na-adjective to form a noun. The typical effect is the addition of this suffix "-ness," as in "niceness" or "-ty," as in "rarity."
この本のよさがよく分かる。 
I know well the "goodness" of this book.
よさ is the irregular conjugation of いい to a noun by the addition of the suffix -さ。
これはチョコレートのように見えるけれど、消しゴムだから、食べられませんよ。
You can see that this looks like chocolate, but it is an eraser, so you can't eat it.
N のように
used when X is as Y shows, says, explains.
この写真を見れば分かるように、ロンドンには、色々な名所がある。
As you can see if you look at these photos, there are various famous locations in London.
V-plain のように
used when X does something as shown/said/explained/etc. in/by Y.
小さい猫の声は、赤ちゃんが泣いているように聞こえます。
The voice of a small cat sounds like a crying baby.
V-plain のように
used when X resembles Y
エジプトはピラミッドやスフィンクスで有名です。
Egypt is famous for pyramids and the sphinx.
ーはNで有名です。
-- is famous for N.
このお寺は古い桜の木があることで知られている。
This temple is known for its old cherry blossom trees.
---はSことで知られている。

--- is known for S(entence/statement).
この地方は冬は雪が多く、夏はとても暑い。
In this region, there is a lot of snow in the winter, and the summers are very hot.
A-stem + く、-

The stem of an i-adjective (多い)+ く indicate that the sentece is continuing and functions like "and" in english. This grammar is used only in WRITTEN form, the -て form is used in speech.