What Is the Harlem Renaissance, and What Effects Did It Have On Society?

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What is the Harlem Renaissance, and what effects did it have on society?
"Harlem was like a great magnet for the Negro intellectual, pulling him from everywhere. Or perhaps the magnet was New York, but once in New York, he had to live in Harlem"(Hughes, The Big Sea 1940). When one is describing a “fresh and brilliant portrait of African American art and culture in the 1920s (Rampersad 1994),” the Harlem Renaissance would be the most precise postulation. The Harlem Renaissance proved to America that African Americans also have specialized talents and should also be able to exhibit their gifts. The Harlem Renaissance also obtained the notoriety expeditiously that participants of this movement needed to modify America’s perspective of black
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The Harlem Renaissance began establishing from the “Great Migration of African Americans-- they migrated from rural spaces to urban spaces and from South to North. This migration went on throughout the 1920’s. As a result, literacy levels increased dramatically and different cultures began to emerge and work as one and enact national organizations”(International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences 2008).
Prominent leaders responsible for shaping the Harlem Renaissance and new organizations for the betterment of black environments extended from W.E.B. Du Bois (Sociologist, Civil Rights Leader, Co- founder of NAACP) to Marcus Garvey (Prominent Leader, Publisher, Founder of “Back-to- Africa Movement) to James Weldon Johnson (Educator, Activist, Anthologist, Songwriter, Poet and etc.) to A Philip Randolph (Civil Rights Leader, Promoted America Labor Movements, Has an Institution named after him). Leaders of this era worked diligently to establish themselves as powerful forces fighting for a cultural change. “In the early 1920s, Harlem came bursting with excitement-- it was the most vibrant African American community in the nation. Teeming with people and teeming with activity, it could have been described as Hughes noted: “A great magnet for the Negro intellectual” (United States History: Reconstruction to the Present). Pursuing this further, “the increasingly interest in black heritage and cultural modification escalated and coincided with a general

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