Essay Water Scarcity in the American Southwest
Due to many assumptions and quick fixes we have imposed on the water on the Colorado River we may lose what has been called the great oasis of the West. First of all the 1922 Colorado River Compact and following additions to this River Law suggest that the rivers water should be split between the upper basin states and the lower basin states. The upper basin consists of Colorado, Utah Wyoming and New Mexico. The lower basin states are California, Arizona and Nevada. These Laws say that each basin will be able to extract 7.5 million acre-feet (maf) per year, which further allocations of water would be divided between states within each basin. Furthermore states that are reaching their allocations are fighting for more rights to water and Native American groups are fighting for water rights as well. Of course as the law was created this water shortage was not a problem fathomable by the basin states. Now that the allocations are being met however this is a huge issue that will take many different approaches to fix.
Past years, when these River Laws were set into effect, the rivers water flow had adequate amounts of water to fulfill allocations and still flow south into Mexico for their own use of the water. However today we see that the Colorado