Essay about Type One Diabetes

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Type One Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is a long-term disease of the pancreas gland, which is situated within the abdomen. Every cell in the body needs insulin (a hormone released in response to increased levels of sugar in the blood) in order for glucose (blood sugar) to be absorbed into the body's cells. If the body is deficient in insulin, then glucose will build up in the bloodstream. Type 1 diabetes can appear at any age. Every patient affected needs insulin injections to avoid the complications of insulin deficiency.

When the glucose level gets sufficiently high, it starts showing up in the urine.

Checking your own blood sugar is very important for being able to
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This is a process that starts with the very first insulin injection, and continues through to eating the right types and amounts of food and starting an exercise programme.

The hospital healthcare team dietitian, general practitioner and diabetic nurse are all on hand to give advice and guidance.

Ways to help yourself

Keep an eye on any signs indicating either high or low glucose levels.

Learn how to measure glucose levels and do it regularly. The most important piece of equipment is the home blood glucose meter, which enables you to measure your blood glucose levels and control your insulin dose.

Try to follow the diabetic diet as rigorously as possible.

Learn how to give yourself insulin injections. You are going to need them for the rest of your life.

Always carry glucose for the treatment of hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose). Occasionally, a glucagon injection may be necessary for severe hypoglycaemia.

See your doctor on a regular basis to evaluate your blood glucose levels, carry out check-ups on your eyes, kidneys and feet and check for any late stage diabetic symptoms.

See your doctor if you become seriously ill or if you have been diagnosed with any other disease.

Keep a 'diabetes diary' to note glucose levels, which you can then discuss with your doctor.

Physical activity

Physical activity is encouraged. But

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