Two Metal States: Conscious & Unconscious by Freud Essay

985 Words 4 Pages
          Sigmund Freud is the father of psychoanalysis accredited as being one of the most influential and authoritative thinkers of the twentieth century. Freud's often-controversial theories appealed to the world as bold new attempts to explain the unexplainable. He lived by a theory that reason can explain everyday behavior.

     Freud believed that there existed two mental states the conscious and the unconscious. He emphasized the unconscious as being a constant influence on the human behavior. As an example a man bumping into a women may be thought of to him and her as accidental, but in actuality it was the man's unconscious attraction and desire for
…show more content…
Freud believed that sexual energy (libido) is the singles most important motivating force in the adult life. The id's power was derived from the primitive human hedonistic instincts. Society could not function at all if these instincts were not hidden and could be released all the time. There would not be anyone to hold the law and society would be out right dysfunctional. Therefore Freud concluded that another element of the mind, the "ego", directs these instinct into channels that are socially acceptable. These channels are defined by the "superego" which enforces cultural morals, parental and social standards of behavior. Freud thus looked upon the human mind as a battlefield in which the id was constantly trying to prevail while the superego is trying to restrain it. Sometimes the superego is a winner and sometimes it is not. Unconscious energy is then surfaced and becomes neurotic behavior or even a disabling mental illness. Freud's treatment for instincts and the outburst of physical energy is psychoanalysis. He concluded that the constant tension between instincts and repression constantly shapes societies and most of all, individual personalities. Social organization put a huge burden of guilt on humans for the repressed instincts. People's instinct to love is basically counterbalanced by their impulse to destroy one another, because guilt has found its outlet in violence. Freud believed that humans were naturally

Related Documents