Theories and Models of Leadership Essay

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In an effort to provide scientific basis for the oft times artistic nature of what we call leadership, academics have long posited theories and models that attempt to explain and even guide this key interpersonal function. In this paper, two prominent leadership theories, Situational Leadership and Contingency Theory, are examined. Each model is given the same rubric by which to be studied, including Definitions and Descriptions, Strengths, Limitations and Critiques, Key Impacts, and concluding with a Personal Response. It is hoped that following the same format for all theories examined, here and to come, will result in a valuable reference document for my future use.
Situational Leadership In the 1969 work entitled
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Likewise, leadership style was classified as S1 (Telling) – evidenced by a high degree of task behavior and a low degree of relationship behavior, S2 (Selling) – evidenced by a high degree of task behavior and a high degree of relationship behavior, S3(Participating) – evidenced by a high degree of relationship behavior and a low degree of task behavior, and finally SP4 (Delegating) – evidenced by a low degree of both task and relationship behavior.
Borrowing heavily from the earlier work of Robert R. Blake and Jane S. Mouton, Hersey and Blanchard appear to have strengthened and clarified the Managerial Grid posited 7 years earlier. Again, attempting to show relational aspects of both Production oriented behavior and Personal oriented behavior, Blake and Moulton made an apparent attempt to editorialize on the associated quadrants (ie, high personal/high production, low personal/high production), and in so doing created an unnecessarily “one size should fit all” approach. Simply put, a review of their theories seems to present that High personal and High Production management style is the best, and to be sought after.
In response to that apparent rigidity, Hersey and Blanchard introduced the flexibility required to make the model more appealing and potentially more effective, by adding the maturity

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