The World Health Organization (WHO) is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing guidance on global health matters, modeling the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and observing and assessing health trends (World Health Organization). According to WHO, health is defined as “A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely absence of disease or infirmity.” The definition of health provided by WHO is one that is derived from the Preamble to the Constitution of the World Health Organization as adopted by the International Health Conference.
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Examples include having had a C-section, breast or cervical cancer, or getting medical treatment for domestic or sexual abuse. Only 12% of individual market plans actually cover maternity care (Garrett, 2012). Although women in the U.S. face inequalities in insurance coverage, health reforms, that are starting full implementation in 2014, are making it illegal for health insurance companies to charge women more for coverage. Also, insurance plans for women are required to offer coverage for maternity and newborn care, mental health services, and pediatric services.
Despite the advances women have made in the U.S. in regards to healthcare, women globally are still struggling to receive adequate access. Women often face health care inequalities because of their needs surrounding sexual and reproductive care, which has shown to be costly when the appropriate precautions are taken. Another reason women face many inequalities, tying into the first reason, is because they tend to lack sufficient assets to pay for the health care they need. An example of this is that inadequate access to health care is believed to be the main source of the premature deaths of 100 million "missing women" globally. It is estimated that 100 million more women would be alive today, primarily in China, South Asia and North Africa, if women and girls had equal access to health care and nutrition across the globe. In these places the failure to give women medical