The United States’ Relationship to Israel During the Cold War

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The United States and Israel have always shared a passion for democracy. Both countries had similar foundations, established by a majority of immigrants claiming to create a better society, towards religious tolerance and democratic ideas. In 1948, both the United States and the Soviet Union immediately recognized the State of Israel. During a era where these two nations often fought against on another to claim a majority in support and power for either ideologies, the United States, firmly recognized but limited their support for Israel due to it’s alliances with Arab countries in the region and the growing demand for oil in the region.
Many believed that Jews deserved a sanctuary after the horrors that occurred during the Holocaust,
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Truman’s sympathy for Zionism and his views were detrimental in regulating the United States support for Israel. Benson also believed that Truman used his personal beliefs and interests in political advantages to make Israel a priority in 1948. Another issue at hand was the United States’ fear of losing Israel to the Soviet Union. The recognition of Israel became not just a personal agenda for Truman, but a political one for the United States during the start of the Cold War.
The Soviet Union found an interest in Israel due to the political control of the Labor Party. Both the Soviet Union and the United States’ interests were battled in Israel, ultimately, choosing the United States, which forced the Soviet Union to create hostile relationships with Israel and support many Arab countries.
The United States recognition of Israel angered many Arabs and made Truman to take a defensive standpoint in Israeli-American foreign policy. This tactic step back in support recognized that the Arab countries were the United States’ main priority during the Cold War. For the first seventeen years of Israel as a state, it did not formally receive any military or economic aid from the United States government. Much of the United States public did not support the Jewish state in Palestine, which forced Israel to seek Germany and France’s military sustenance and become its primary suppliers in

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