“Oedipus the King” by Sophocles is a tragedy of a man who unknowingly kills his father and marries his mother. Aristotles’ ideas of tragedy are tragic hero, hamartia, peripeteia, anagnorisis, and catharsis these ideas well demonstrated throughout Sophocles tragic drama of “Oedipus the King”.
Tragic hero is a character of noble stature and has greatness but is triggered by some error and causes the hero’s downfall. Oedipus is the tragic hero of “Oedipus the king”. Oedipus has a noble stature and has greatness. From the beginning of the story Oedipus is shown as a noble caring man. He is greatly worried about the plague in Thebes “but my spirit grieves for the city, for myself and all of you” (75-76) he tell the priest and his people of
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The anagnorisis of “Oedipus the king” is when Oedipus, Jocasta, and all the other character in the story find out that Oedipus actually did murder Laius his own father and Jocasta is really his mother as also his wife. Oedipus discovers that the child of King Laius and Queen Jocasta was sent given away to a shepherd to die as a child. Oedipus goes on to get some testimonies to make absolutely sure, even though it is obvious that he was Laius’s killer. He brings Tiresias to confront him to tell him the truth. “I say you are the murderer you hunt” (412) Tiresias tells Oedipus stating that he killed his own father Oedipus being ignorant he doesn’t believe Tiresias. When Jocasta speaks of Laius leaving the kingdom with just a few servants and “was killed by stranger, thieves, at a place where three roads meet” (789-790) Oedipus claims that he killed somebody who had a few servants with him where the three roads met. Although soon realizes that he “just called down a dreadful curse upon myself” (820-821) because he said to the gods to cure the man that killed the king the most horrible crime there is. He had killed his father and married his mother without knowing it. At the end of the story he was a blind man who hated himself for his actions.
Catharsis describes the purging of the emotions of pity and fear that are aroused in the audience viewing a tragedy. The Cartharsis, comes at the