Essay about The Republic by Plato
The Republic began in 508 BC and lasted for 483 years. The office of the Praetor came about in 367 BC. The functions of the praetor were to aid the civil law, done through the grant of rights of actions for the enforcement of civil claims and to help the consuls in the day-to-day administration of justice. In 242 BC, thirty years later, another praetor was added, thus there were two praetors. The praetor urbanus had jurisdiction to decide cases and administer justice among Roman citizens whilst the praetor peregrinus had to take care of cases between citizens and foreigners, and foreigners amongst themselves. Nonetheless the main cases were those between peregrines. Also in the lex Papiria de sacramentis we find “qui inter …show more content…
It was also possible for new praetors to introduce certain edicta which they thought were necessarily and which their predecessor had left out. But it became practice for the praetor to accept his predecessor’s edicts and thus only introducing certain amendments and new provisions.
W. W Buckland refers to the edict of the praetor as the “most potent instrument of law reform in the last century of the Republic” . By adopting the edicts of the previous praetor, the new praetor would be lock-stock and barrel carrying laws from one year to another and developing the ius honorarium.
As from the second century, edicts were being promulgated which modified the ius civile. This as Alan Watson says “it