Socratic Dialogue In Plato's The Republic

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A Socratic dialogue reveals how tenable and untenable philosophy can be. Throughout Plato’s, Republic, this can be seen to be the undeniable truth, whereby the main character Socrates reveals the truth behind being just, and the qualities of a just soul through constant debate style conversations. The idea of self-control is a constant issue of discussion as he determines how complex the soul can be. Socrates argument on the soul determining the necessity of having a superior and inferior part to the soul, in order to become an overly righteous and just person.

In Republic Book IV, Plato introduces a new understanding of the human soul that remains “advantageous for each part and for the whole soul, which is the community of all three parts”
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It would be incorrect to label Socrates idea as one that was dogmatic. Throughout the contents of The Republic Socrates has been portrayed as the polar opposite of dogmatic. Socrates has demonstrated within the text that the rational part can preserve the whole in some kind of unity. As he does not reach a conclusion with a narrow minded concept and is constantly developing his arguments. Socrates is nothing less of a philosopher as he is determined to look for some fixed standard of good. Socrates supports his argument throughout the text, in order to determine that the rational part is naturally suited to rule over the other two factions of the soul. In 439a-e of the text, Socrates illustrates the concept of rationality, through the desire that someone may have for thirst and how reason can compel the soul of a thirsty person to consider the possible consequences that may result from the drink. Frankfurt explores this avenue in his book, The Freedom of Will and Concept of a Person (1971), where he describes the conflicting 1st order desires with the 2nd order volition. Supporting Plato’s view on desire and how one differentiates the reason and appetite. Reason needing to be the dominant part of the soul as it prevents the whole soul from doing harm to itself and others. Thus, allowing the individual to function as a unified whole with self-control and self-awareness of their

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