The Reduction of Superpowers' Nuclear Arsenals in the Late 1980s

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The Reduction of Superpowers' Nuclear Arsenals in the Late 1980s

Since the early 1960s, both United States and the Soviet Union have acknowledged that the nuclear arms race would be an end to itself. They have came to realize that the mutual antagonism, though profound, is also ‘incomplete’; that the unfettered evolution of unilateral decisions on armaments is likely to produce a grossly excessive general level of armaments; and that there must be scope for agreements which, while falling well short of complete disarmament or complete nuclear disarmament, would benefit everyone[1]. There were two major treaties in the period before the 1980s that brought about limitations in anti-ballistic missile
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The reason for this lies in the basic ideological differences in both countries, which bred mutual distrust that was aggravated by the World War II over the issue of Poland and Austria. The territorial and ideological ambitions of the Soviet Union further trampled whatever limited trust that had been present in the World War years, and events in Iran, Manchuria and Baltic territories only served to confirm their suspicions about the Soviet Union’s expansionist tendencies. They perceived the Soviet Union as wanting to spread across the globe irremovable communist governments based on the Soviet model, and bent on dominating Europe and indeed the rest of the world, and thus saw their early nuclear superiority as preserving the peace of Europe and preventing Soviet Union from furthering their expansionist tendencies. Soviet Union however saw it differently, that they were merely defending themselves against the offensive posture of the West by building up a reliable glacis of vassal communist states, and saw the West as using their power unjustly to prevent the further fulfillment of Soviet foreign policy objectives, and thus perceived political power to be closely linked to their nuclear arsenal which could not remain in a state of inferiority. Thus even if an option for disarmament were available, both sides would be perpetually worried that

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