The Reduction of Superpowers' Nuclear Arsenals in the Late 1980s

1987 Words 8 Pages
The Reduction of Superpowers' Nuclear Arsenals in the Late 1980s

Since the early 1960s, both United States and the Soviet Union have
acknowledged that the nuclear arms race would be an end to itself.
They have came to realize that the mutual antagonism, though profound,
is also ‘incomplete’; that the unfettered evolution of unilateral
decisions on armaments is likely to produce a grossly excessive
general level of armaments; and that there must be scope for
agreements which, while falling well short of complete disarmament or
complete nuclear disarmament, would benefit everyone[1]. There were
two major treaties in the period before the 1980s that brought about
limitations in anti-ballistic missile
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The reason for this lies in the basic ideological
differences in both countries, which bred mutual distrust that was
aggravated by the World War II over the issue of Poland and Austria.
The territorial and ideological ambitions of the Soviet Union further
trampled whatever limited trust that had been present in the World War
years, and events in Iran, Manchuria and Baltic territories only
served to confirm their suspicions about the Soviet Union’s
expansionist tendencies. They perceived the Soviet Union as wanting to
spread across the globe irremovable communist governments based on the
Soviet model, and bent on dominating Europe and indeed the rest of the
world, and thus saw their early nuclear superiority as preserving the
peace of Europe and preventing Soviet Union from furthering their
expansionist tendencies. Soviet Union however saw it differently, that
they were merely defending themselves against the offensive posture of
the West by building up a reliable glacis of vassal communist states,
and saw the West as using their power unjustly to prevent the further
fulfillment of Soviet foreign policy objectives, and thus perceived
political power to be closely linked to their nuclear arsenal which
could not remain in a state of inferiority. Thus even if an option for
disarmament were available, both sides would be perpetually worried

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