The Reasons Behind the Development of Women's Suffrage Campaign

2293 Words 10 Pages
The Reasons Behind the Development of Women's Suffrage Campaign

Ans.1: From 1837 to 1901 Britain, reached its highest power, and was ruled over by a female monarch. Queen Victory ruled over a society in which women were denied the same political rights as men, in employment they experienced exploitation, whilst the doors to professional careers remained closed to them. Society expected women to be wives and mothers and assumed that women were economically and socially dependant on men. The vote was seen as a device which could be utilized to force the government to take women's issues seriously. Thus began the suffrage movement in the years after 1870.

Education was seen by feminists as the key
…show more content…
By the end of the nineteenth century both London and Manchester Universities accepted women. A school for Nursing was established at St Thomas's Hospital, by Florence Nightingale, which attracted middle class women. Women also gained the right to become doctors, architects, factory and workhouse inspectors and to enter the civil service. Nursing became a popular career for women, who were inspired by nurses like Elizabeth Garrett Anderson who became the first woman doctor to practice in England. In 1876 an Act of Parliament allowed medical schools to admit women students. All these accomplishments in the educational fields proved that if women were intelligent enough to become doctors and factory inspectors, they deserved the vote. Their achievements, in increasing their wages and career options encouraged their campaign for suffrage as they knew politics and economics go hand in hand, and as long as woman had no political status, increase in her income was impossible.

As with education, women held low social status and were considered the property of their husbands who owned the home and wealth of their wives. The Married Women's Property Acts of 1870 and 1882 gave a stepping stone to future reform. Wives, who were deserted or beaten by their husband, were granted maintenance and divorced women were

Related Documents