The Progression of the Internet and its Societal Influences Essay
The Oxford English Dictionary defines packet switching as, “a mode of data transmission in which a message is broken into a number of parts or packets which are sent independently, over whatever route is optimum for each packet, and reassembled at the destination“ (Oxford English Dictionary). This approach to transferring data was cheap, an efficient use of the broadband, and most importantly difficult to intercept. Unfortunately, both Baran’s and Davies’s proposals to build packet switching networks were rejected by their respective governments because of the cost, but this profound method of transferring data was implemented in the United States ARPANET a few years later.
In 1965, President Johnson created an initiative to develop “ creative centers for excellence” and provided large grants to Universities such as MIT and Carnegie Mellon to implement computing research centers. (Abbate) The Advanced Research Projects Agency, a science and technology initiative provoked by the Cold War, or ARPA, had installed many of these centers and intended to network their computing