The Progression of the Internet and its Societal Influences Essay

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As humanity has progressed throughout time, the development of new technology has propelled nations forward to simplify living and have radically modified how societies function. In the 21st century, a minute number of innovations have radically influenced popular culture and redefined how society. However, the innovation that supersedes them in impact is the Internet. Originally created as a means to securely transmit information for military purposes, this renowned networking system has empowered individuals to create multibillion-dollar businesses and changed human social behavior. The Internet has radically reformatted how global societies function in a plethora of unique ways it will continue to do so as nations continue to adopt …show more content…
However, the ideal of networking was very attractive to the military during the Cold War Era; “an optimized computer network could provide survivability, flexibility, and high performance” (Abbate). This desire for networking information led to the independent development of packet switching from Paul Baran in the United States and Donald Davies in the United Kingdom.
The Oxford English Dictionary defines packet switching as, “a mode of data transmission in which a message is broken into a number of parts or packets which are sent independently, over whatever route is optimum for each packet, and reassembled at the destination“ (Oxford English Dictionary). This approach to transferring data was cheap, an efficient use of the broadband, and most importantly difficult to intercept. Unfortunately, both Baran’s and Davies’s proposals to build packet switching networks were rejected by their respective governments because of the cost, but this profound method of transferring data was implemented in the United States ARPANET a few years later.
In 1965, President Johnson created an initiative to develop “ creative centers for excellence” and provided large grants to Universities such as MIT and Carnegie Mellon to implement computing research centers. (Abbate) The Advanced Research Projects Agency, a science and technology initiative provoked by the Cold War, or ARPA, had installed many of these centers and intended to network their computing

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