Essay on The Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus.

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1. Discuss the pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus.
The pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus in is related to the insulin hormone. Insulin is secreted by cells in the pancreas and is responsible for regulating the level of glucose in the bloodstream. It also aids the body in breaking down the glucose to be used as energy. When someone suffers from diabetes, however, the body does not break down the glucose in the blood as a result of abnormal insulin metabolism. When there are elevated levels of glucose in the blood, it is known as hyperglycemia. If the levels continue to remain high over an extended period of time, damage can be done to the kidneys, cardiovascular systems; you can get eye disorders, or even cause nerve damage. When the
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Type 2 Diabetes is slightly different then Type 1. It has the classic symptoms as in you urinate a lot, always thirsty and hungry, but with this one you are usually obese. It is gradual, and comes on slowly. Type 2 Diabetes occurs when insulin that the body produces is less efficient at moving sugar out of the bloodstream. Some sugar is moved out of the blood, just not as effectively compared to a person with normal insulin efficiency. High blood sugars are a result of this. With this type of diabetes it is insulin resistant, which means you must take oral anti-diabetic drugs and insulin at the same time. Type 2 diabetes is not a disease you are born with, it is something you get by either the way you are eating, or the way you are behaving.

3. What are the long term consequences of poorly controlled diabetes Mellitus? The long term effects of a person not controlling their diabetes are tragic. There are at higher risk of infection, while also killing away their organs little by little. Diabetes can cause cholesterol levels to increase, leading to cardiovascular (heart and vessel) disease. Fatty deposits (atherosclerosis) narrow the opening in the vessels throughout the body, so the heart has to pump harder to circulate the blood, causing the blood pressure to rise. s the blood vessels narrow in the legs, peripheral circulation to the lower legs and feet becomes increasingly impaired,

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