The Notion of War in the Eyes of Thucydides, Homer and Aristophanes

1891 Words 8 Pages
Greek classical literature is considered to be the canon of literary writing that pertains to the ancient history of Greece. Greek literature displays the classic lifestyle, culture and beliefs of the Greek race during the early portions of mainstream ancient and classical European history. Prominent Greek writers such as Thucydides, Homer, and Aristophanes produced pieces that are regarded, up to this day, as af conveyer of Greek life in the context of classical Europe. Looking deeper into their respective works, Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War, Homer’s Iliad and Aristophanes’ Lysistrata all show a common theme in ancient Greek life –life in the context of war.
This paper will conduct textual analysis of each classic piece.
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Thus, the author arranged his recollections of the Peloponnesian War in a chronological manner, producing a good narrative of historical events. He also used relevant primary sources such as the various speeches he had heard from different gatherings and from prominent figures of the war during his service as a general of the Athenian army.
Thucydides’ work is written in such a way that his readers would understand factual events. In the first book of the History of the Peloponnesian War, he conducts thorough contextualization of Greece that contributed to the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War. What is revolutionary about this first book is that before he narrates the reasons for the outbreak of the war, Thucydides explains in detail the methodological approach in the events before the Peloponnesian War (Thucydides, Book 1:1-23). Modern historians see this as one of the earliest attempts to scientifically explain historical events in the context of what would eventually be the processes of respective disciplines in the Greek history. Thucydides aimed to clarify the politics behind the events which had transpired before the war began. He tried to establish himself as the “third person” in all the events which had involved him in the first place.
Unlike other authors who used the skill of detachment in historical writing and research methods, Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War was being criticized

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