The Negative Affects of Colonization of Africa
The article “The Supposed Benefits of Colonialism to Africa” denied all claims of Africa benefiting from colonization and strived to prove that colonists had a predominately negative affect on the continent. Europeans came to Africa to exploit the natives and use all of their rich natural resources to support capitalism. So, all of their decisions were made in the interest of the metropoles: medicine, transportation, and the banking system were no exception. Although, there was an extremely low doctor-to-patient ratio, Europeans provided hospitals to keep Africans healthy enough to perform their daily tasks. Africans traveled within or between colonies but there weren’t any intra- or
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Europeans had the technology to improve agricultural production but refused to modernize Africa. Instead of using tractors and fertilizers many Africans were forced to tend to the land with basic tools like hoes, shovels, etc. Technological advancements would have benefited capitalism by shortening work hours/ reduced workers, decreasing payment of labor (due to less work hours/ fewer workers), higher quality products, and an increased level of output. The extremes of racism also impeded Africans’ ability to advance. Normally, capitalism encourages the emergence of a middle-class through knowledge of a special skill. Europeans refused to teach Africans anything so that they didn’t have to share any of their power with the natives. They encouraged minority groups to become capitalists before accepting Africans. Consequently, there were only a few African capitalists who accumulated an insignificant amount of capital. Another approach to proving that Europeans didn’t do much for the African people is analyzing what Africans had to work with directly after colonization. Besides the obvious situations: several hospitals with hardly any qualified doctors, an uneducated population with an inadequate amount of teachers, depletion of natural riches, and a reduction in the quality of soil, there was one big problem that plagued Africa. The natives didn’t have enough skills to run the continent efficiently and were forced to depend on outsiders for survival.