The Future of Space Essay

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Who Controls Space?

On January 27, 1967, the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union signed the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies. More commonly referred to as the Outer Space Treaty this agreement has been signed and ratified by 102 countries, while an additional 27 nations have signed, but not yet ratified the treaty. The Outer Space Treaty establishes a legal framework for international space law. The treaty outlaws any nation from placing nuclear weapons or other Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) in outer space. Furthermore, the law that states that the Moon and any other celestial bodies must be used for
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Although President Obama has announced that the program will come to an in 2020, the International Space Station brought together the governments of several of the most powerful countries in the world including the US, Russia, Japan, Canada and many more in Europe. Since being launched on November 20, 1998, the International Space Station serves as an important indicator of how international cooperation can lead to advances in exploration and modern science. Nations that would otherwise not have worked together agreed to contribute the project through funding, spacecraft and astronauts.
Military Uses of Space On March 23, 1983, President Ronald Reagan proposed the Strategic Defense Initiative to use ground and space-based weapons systems to protect the US from an attack by nuclear ballistic missiles. In the speech Reagan says, “The defense policy of the United States is based on a simple premise: The United States does not start fights. We will never be an aggressor. We maintain our strength in order to deter and defend against aggression -- to preserve freedom and peace.” Despite Reagan’s claim that the SDI or Star Wars Program would only be used for defensive purposes, the proposal directly violated the 1967 Outer Space Treaty that outlawed the militarization of space except with conventional weapons. Reagan had lofty aspirations for militarizing space. For starters, Reagan proposed a program called Brilliant Pebbles that was a non-nuclear system of

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