The Development of Womens' Movement in the 1960's Essay
During the Second World War women were needed to contribute to the war effort if America were to succeed. Hence, propaganda campaigns were launched to encourage women to play a more active role in helping America succeed in the war. The most famous character used by the government in their propaganda campaign was Rosie the Riveter. She took on jobs that had previously been associated with men, such as riveting, working in ammunition factories and so on. The campaign proved a big success, with women being employed in factories making guns, ammunition, jeeps, aircraft's etc. They provided soldiers on the front line with ammunition and kept the army …show more content…
Directly after the war America experienced a 'Baby Boom'. It was solely down to this single factor to why the Womens' Movement had been delayed for over a decade. It was about the beginning of the 60's when children began to go to high school that (the majority of) women once again had free time. This is why it took so long for the Womens' movement to develop after laying the foundations during the war.
Some women were inspired by the Civil Rights Movement and began to campaign for rights that became known as the Womens' Movement. A new drug known as 'The Pill' became the most effective method of contraception that could be used by women. This revolutionised the lives of many women as it meant that they put having a child on hold and pursue a career, as it meant not having to rely on men for birth control. In 1963 a feminist called Betty Friedan wrote a book called 'The Feminine Mystique'. She described a woman living in a 1950's American home to be in "a comfortable concentration camp". She also called on women to reject the stereotype set upon them by society.
In 1967 an organisation called NOW (Nation Organisation of Women) was set up. They called for:
· An Equal Rights Amendment to be part of the