One of the most interesting and noteworthy events in contemporary times and possibly the biggest in its appeal and consequences for the 21st century is the string of revolutionary movements most commonly known as the “Arab Spring.” The term ‘Arab Spring’ – originally coined by Marc Lynch in the American political journal Foreign Policy – is fairly attention-grabbing in itself; not only is it useful to highlight the rise of ‘liberalism’ witnessed as these movements progressed, but also has historically significant connotations attached to it, which allude to the events of the Nationalist and Democratic revolutions that occurred more than a century-and-a-half ago in what is now modern-day central Europe and are known as the
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The Arab world, as a whole, stretching from West Asia to North Africa, has been shaken up; countries like Morocco, Algeria, and Jordan have enacted reforms to pacify the masses, while Syria remains engaged in one of the bloodiest civil wars in recent times and Bahrain recovers from extensive turmoil (Campante and Chor 1). The underlying determinants of instability have been briefly highlighted in The Economist’s “The Shoe-thrower’s Index: Where is the next upheaval?” which range from the size of the youth population cohort, democracy, corruption, press freedom, and GDP per capita. Combined together, the concoction of resentment these factors generated gave the masses a solid vision of what they wanted to achieve for their respective states. The protests, which started off crudely and purposeless, had by the end become proper revolutionary movements with an agenda and structure – to the extent of rebel governments being formed, for example, in Libya and Syria.
With this ‘institutionalization’ of the revolutions also came wide-ranging effects on the daily lives of the local populations, the biggest of which is perhaps the increased freedom of expression and speech witnessed as the hold of oppressive regimes weakened. “As censorship fears began to dissolve along with the governments that enforced them, new voices began