Terrorism and Culture of the Middle East Essay

4760 Words 20 Pages
Terrorism and Culture of the Middle East

Introduction

In 1993, a Harvard political scientist named Samuel P. Huntington wrote a controversial article entitled “The Clash of Civilizations” in Foreign Affairs. At this point the Gulf War was still fresh in the minds of most Americans. The most poignant issues at the time were the threat of Suddam Hussein, nuclear weapons, and the establishment of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. Also months later, the World Trade Center was bombed, which left six people dead and many more injured. These events were perhaps the beginning of Huntington’s hypothesis: “the principal conflicts of global politics will occur between nations and different groups of civilizations.”

Eleven years
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Religion has been the backbone and driving force of civilizations for many years. With the number of different religious and cultural beliefs that are present in the world it is only natural that cultures conflict and contradict each other. Unfortunately, these cultural clashes are often the underlying bases for international confrontation, more specifically terrorism. This phenomenon of different groups establishing cultural dominance in the world through terrorism has especially been an issue in the Middle East, causing this region in the world to remain in the international spotlight.

“A Clash of Civilizations”

In the United States, the most disturbing example of present-day cultural conflict would be the tragic incidents, which took place on September 11, 2001. On September 11, 2001 four coordinated aircraft hijackings crashed into the pentagon and the twin towers. The 19 hijackers responsible for the attacks belonged to the al-Qaeda terrorist network. Al-Qaeda, an international terrorist group from Afghanistan led by Osama bin Laden, launched the September 11th attacks across the East Coast of the United States, which killed thousands of innocent Americans. The terrorists who were involved took part in these attacks due to their resentment toward the United States and the growth of Western influence and power. One of the group’s main electives is to rid Muslim countries of Western influence and

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