Terror in the Russian Federation: A Case Analysis Essay

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Definition of Terrorism
Throughout the history of humanity, radical groups and organizations have attempted to influence and shift the policies of governments and agencies around the world. The terminology most often used to describe the activities and beliefs of such groups and organizations is terrorism. Terrorism is defined as premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence a particular audience (CIA). The preceding definition will be the basis for the interpretation of this case analysis.
Background Information The terrorist organization at the focus of this case analysis is the Special Purpose Islamic Regiment, or
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A creed, called the Wahhabi creed, is one of the fundamental aspects that all members of the organization must adhere. This creed outlines the beliefs and motivations of the smaller branch of Wahhabism within the Sunni branch of Islam. According to this creed, the members of the organization are required to believe in “the uniqueness and unity of God;” meaning that God, or Allah, is lord and only belief in Him and Him alone is permitted (“Country Reports on Terrorism,” 2005).
Motivations and Goals
After interpretation of the beliefs and morals of the SPIR, the cause the organization strives to achieve becomes evident. The primary focus of this terrorist group and their actions is to remove Russian forces from Chechnya, subsequently ending the war, and the independence of Chechnya from Moscow (“Conflict in Chechnya,” 1999). This is a mutual goal shared with the majority of the communities and populations around the Chechen territory. The SPIR, however, uniquely undertakes a secondary goal not shared with the majority of Chechnya’s residents. This secondary endeavor is to establish the Wahhabism branch of Sunni Islam under an Islamic caliphate in Chechnya and throughout the Northern Caucasus region including regions in Russia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan (“Conflict in Chechnya,” 1999). If the organization were able to achieve this secondary goal, the control of all the regions under Wahhabism would be attained.

Primary funding for the SPIR and the

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