Essay on Sociology of Family

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"A family is a small social group of people related by ancestry or affection, who share common values and goals, who may live together in the same dwelling, and who may participate in the bearing and raising of children. They have a physical or emotional connection with each other that is ongoing" (Vissing, 2011) and is the foundation of all societies. They can be formed by a grouping of father-mother-children or even more complicated combination of relatives. In the primary stage of family life in the United States, everyone from every generation lived together in one house. Subsequently, the idea of traditional family evolved and a married couple with children is at present, often called the traditional family. There are many types …show more content…
The term family was often interchanged with the term marriage and to have a family was also thought of having a significant other, plus each family member had to carry out his or her own part. This definition was thought to be the norm for many centuries and was named the traditional family. Theories in sociology provide us with different perspectives with which to view our society, and specifically, the traditional family. Functionalism, for instance, believes in traditions. Functionalists tend to emphasize the origin of customs, and in America, a single parent family is not an origin of a custom. It is also believed in the theory that the family is a positive institution and meets the needs of an advanced industrial society for a socially mobile workforce. Functionalists highlight the ideal family type in a modern society, as the nuclear family. According to sociologist George Murdock, the view of the nuclear family comprises of a breadwinner husband and dependant wife with children. It is a very optimistic view of the family, which sees the interaction of the family with other institutions as a well-balanced contribution to social solidarity. It looks at what the nuclear family does for the whole of society, not just certain people, on a macro level. Anthropologist, George P. Murdock (1949) argued that the nuclear family is at the heart of society and essential for its smooth running. Moreover, functionalism

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