Sociology is the systematic study of groups and builds human society and how these groups affect our lives. For Tim Curry Sociology studies the individual and social institutions that affect these individuals (Pg. 2) Social institutions are family, economy, education, and government. Sociology will study these institutions, their origin, preservation and processing (today the institution how is changing most is the family). They are the answer to survival and to endure.
Sociology will start by saying that humans are social beings that we continually create groups and social categories. We classify the environment (race, age, religion, social status, etc.). We are conditioned by the society in which we live. The way in which society sets
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His theories are maintained until the 70’s. His theory began valid again for the new atmosphere: globalization, poverty, marginalization in poor countries and major crises. Concepts such as alienation and exploitation will be renewed. His most important work is The Capital. Only the first volume of Marx's life was published. Marx was the founder of the Workers' International and this position give him problems with the anarchists. The Capital summarizes the influences of other thinkers. Marx raises his own thesis on what may be his connection with other thinkers and also present his thought as an alternative. When Marx postures his Dialectical Method we can perceive the influence of Hegel. Besides Engels and Hegel, also Marx is influence by the political encomiasts Adam Smith and David Ricardo. These influence him when developing the concept of work as a source of wealth and that the term surplus value is associated (the worker is paid less and that surplus is reinvested so that the wealth of the capitalist increases).
His first sociological theory that part of the Industrial Revolution: work defines man. People are fundamentally social and work put them together. We need to work together to produce a common wealth. Capitalism has perverted this natural fact by obtaining capital gains by a few capitalists. Thus, society is divided into: Capitalist (owners of the means of production)