School Segregation Now and Then Essay

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“I have a dream!” Martin Luther King once said. He dreamed of a complete desegregated USA and the same chances for everybody where all men are created equal no matter of race or religious background (King). Schools were an immense issue in the 1960s, many black children did not finish high school to help their parents and those who did could often not afford to go to college. Compared to the white schools, the black schools had a massive lack of equipment and the teachers got paid a lot less. Even though many issues have changed since then, there is still segregation left in parts of the U.S., especially in schools.
While the first schools for African Americans were already established in the 1850s, it did not change for over a 100 years
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They had to get the used and old ones from the white schools. The staff of black schools was underpaid and since it was very hard to go to college there were not always teachers available.
About 50 years had to go by until it came to the next major change of the segregation. In 1954 the court case Brown v Board of Education of Topeka was handed down. It was the result of half of a century of struggle under separate and unequal and made any parts of segregation illegal, but soon enough a new problem came up, what exactly is desegregation. Not only on the white side where people still, even after Brown, tried to limit the rights of blacks and especially black students, but also on the African American side where people did not exactly know what they wanted. Was it desegregation, integration or just the equal educational opportunity? And besides that how can one prove a school is desegregated or not. Is it defined by the percentage of colored and white students or the number of graduates of minority race students? There were many different definitions and assumptions of the word desegregation and still today it is not 100 percent clarified.
When Brown v Board of Education came up in the beginning of the new Civil Rights Movement in 1954 it gave people hope. Brown ruled that the school segregation was not constitutional after the 14th amendment of 1886 and the right of liberty guaranteed through the 5th amendment (Hendrie). Blacks assumed that

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