Essay about Russia: A study in redefining polity since 1905

1984 Words 8 Pages
As Russia entered the year of 1905, with Nicholas II still in power, a revolution erupted. The Revolution of 1905 was ignited by acts of repressive government violence that had occurred in response to the insurgency experienced during the Russo-Japanese war. Russia was overrun with fighting, which resulted in a ‘shut down’ of the Russian empire. The Revolution of 1905 brought the Russia empire into a period of pseudo constitutional monarchy, as seen with the issuance of the October Manifesto. The October Manifesto was seen as a forced document in order to provide some peace in the face of calamity. This was the only real effort made to reach an agreement with the opposition, as autocracy continued to persist. The government, in order to …show more content…
The land reform was introduced in 1906, and continued until Stolypin’s assassination in 1911. Land reform under Stolypin was aimed at addressing the Russian empire’s ‘peasant problem’, stimulating the creation of a prospering land-owning peasant class, and at counteracting the peasant dissonance. The motivation behind the reform was to create a satisfied peasant group that would “transform the Russian countryside from a morass of misery and a hotbed of unrest into a conservative bulwark of the regime” (Riasanovsky & Steinberg, 411) and support the autocratic government. The legislation split the peasants communes into groups based on engagement in land redistribution. Those who did not engage in redistribution were given their land in personal ownership. Those who did were able to request land, normally for redistribution, to be put into personal ownership. The reform also allowed the peasants to leave commune control and to combine their scattered land into a single piece. Basically, the legislation allowed the annulment of redemption dues, peasants to leave the commune, and encouraged peasants to consolidate their land holdings. The land reform was met with immediate success. There was an initial rush, as many peasants were given potential freedom and more class equality. However, the reforms met a decline. The reforms only widened the gap between the rich and poor peasants, and many peasants seemed to prefer the idea of

Related Documents