Essay about Opposition to State-Mandated Premarital HIV Screening

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Opposition to State-Mandated Premarital HIV Screening

When screening for HIV became possible in mid-1985, debates began concerning the role of such screening in controlling the spread of AIDS. One such debate concerned state-mandated premarital HIV screening. This policy was proposed to the CDC conference in February of 1987, but never received much widespread support, because it satisfied neither the proponents of public health nor the proponents of civil liberties (Reamer 37). This essay will show that the state is unjustified in enacting such policy and hopefully also shed some light on why such policy received so little support.

In a liberal society such as the United States that values both civil liberties and public health,
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Using these conditions as his framework, Childress analyzes the ethical value of state-mandated premarital screening. Although such screening is in fact a mix of a voluntary choice to get a marriage license and a compulsory act to get tested, those seeking marriage cannot be said to have voluntarily given up their right to privacy. Hence, we may still analyze such state policy under the framework of justifiable departures from prima facie bindings.

There is not much information on the subject of whether premarital HIV screening would actual promote public health or not. The closest analogy that exists is premarital syphilis screening. Notwithstanding the disagreement in the effectiveness in

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