Obesity and Gastric Bypass Surgery Essay
In this research paper we will be looking at obesity, gastric bypass surgery, the cautions that the surgical technologist face working with a bariatric surgery. What is obesity? Obesity is having too much body fat. It’s not the same as being overweight which means that a person weighs too much. A person that is overweight maybe overweight due to extra muscle, bone, water, and having too much body fat.
Obese people account for thirty seven percent of the United States population, but obesity- related diseases such as diabetes and hypertension account for sixty one percent of healthcare costs in the United States every year. The costs …show more content…
Dr. Edward E. Mason of The University of Iowa developed gastric bypass in 1966. He used surgical staples to create a partition across the upper stomach to reduce the intake of food. The procedure was called vertical banded gastroplasty. There were complications in the initial procedure so refinements were made. The pouch that was made by stapling the upper stomach was made smaller to further reduce the intake of food and elastic bands were used instead of staples. This method proved to be effective initially, the band would stretch after a few years. This form of bariatric surgery failed to gain popularity.
Bariatric patients are considered special needs patients because surgery itself can increase risk for them. Patients who are obese are high risk for coronary artery disease due to diabetes and hypertension. Patients are placed in the reverse Trendelenburg position postoperatively because it improves pulmonary function.
There are special considerations for the surgical technologists when working with bariatric patients before and when a bariatric surgery is performed. One of the first challenges is transporting the patient for surgery.