Medicine in Ancient Egypt as seen by the Archaeological Evidence of Papyrus

1986 Words 8 Pages
The Ancient Egyptian civilization’s development centered around the luxurious, green and fertile Nile river. Astonishingly, they accurately predicted Nile floods to produce surplus crops and allow the growth of society and culture. In the North of Africa, Egyptians flourished until 525 BC. The lands were ruled by powerful pharaohs who provided dominance and control to their people. The Egyptians every day lives centered around an elaborate system of religious and spiritual beliefs. In tribute to their religious beliefs, pharaohs and gods, the Egyptians built breath taking monuments that often included decoration and hieroglyphs that were symbolizations of their spirituality. The amazing architecture and the mystery to how they built …show more content…
The Egyptians manifested specialized areas of focus including: embalmers, pharmacists, bandagers, and masseurs. Archaeological artifacts have shown that Egyptians used needles, tweezers, scalpels, and measuring tools. (Redford 2001) In Ancient Egypt women did not have a role in the field of medicine. Men dominated all areas of specialization including: dentistry and gynaecology. Archaeological evidence to address this research is coming from several papyrus sources. The Papyruses: the Ebers and the Edwin Smith include information regarding medicine in ancient Egypt. Papyri that add knowledge to the medical practices of the Ancient Egyptians include the Ebers papyrus, the Edwin Smith papyrus, the Kahun Gynaecological papyrus, the Berlin papyrus and the Hearst Medical papyrus. The Ebers papyrus described not only general medical problems and prescriptions, but also spells and magic. The Edwin Smith papyrus contained several surgical procedures that were arranged in accordance to body regions and looked at the symptoms, diagnosis and prognosis. The Kahun Gynaecological papyrus was the first to be dedicated solely to issues related to the female body. The text included sections on pregnancy, menstruation and other problems related to the female anatomy. The Hearst Medical papyrus provides general knowledge of aliments that were frequent in ancient times like bites,

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