Male aggression is largely attributed to spousal abuse
"The truth is somewhere outside the circle."
The pervasiveness of spousal abuse is traceable from culture to culture. Every culture has a its unique way of dealing with spousal abuse. The fact that spousal abuse is rampant among certain societies and is completely oblivious to others indicates that spousal abuse is politically, socially, and culturally determined. However, common sense validity would imply that male-dominance is the cause of spousal abuse. This is not always true. For instance, in some cultures there is not a clear-cut gender differentiation between males and females. For those cultures, the binary gender line that
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In summary, the husband-wife relationship is culturally and regionally specific. While it is true that women can be as aggressive as their men counterpart, the aggression is usually committed between women and group of women; as oppose to aggression committed by women against men. This is especially true in societies where men are allowed to have multiple wives. As Levinson cites, "Women aggressing against other women is especially common in societies with polygymous marriage (where a man may have two or more wives at the same time.)" Consequently, most aggressions are triggered by jealousy among the wives over sexual attention and economic resources of the husband . Collectively, a typical cross-cultural study indicates, as offered by Levinson, that women are responsible for 82% of verbal aggression, 61% for physical aggression, and 12% for property damage . Up until now, the gap between the aggressive behaviors between males and females remains an unsolved mystery. Some social scientists attribute the sex differences in aggression as deeply grounded in biology; others see it as a cultural and social phenomenon. For an anthropologist, the environment in which the boys and girls were raised plays a significant role in the outcome of their aggressive behaviors into adulthood. Of course, this also takes into account the social-economic cross-cultural differences. First and foremost, how a child (boy or girl) was brought up mirrors how he/she