Main contributors to behaviorism Essay

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Main Contributors to Behaviorism
Behaviorism is a learning theory or a developmental theory that measures observable behaviors that are produced by the learner’s response to stimuli. On one end of the spectrum behaviorism is known as an attitude. At the other end, it is known as a doctrine. According to the behavioral views of human development, behaviorists argued that to focus attention on unobservable constructs, such as emotions, thoughts, or the unconscious, was an unscientific approach.(Craig & Dunn, Ex.: 2010)
There are three main behaviorist trends that are associated with Behaviorism and help us to understand human development. These are classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and social learning theory. They not only
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Ivan Pavlov (1839-1946) was a mathematician and was against the idea of psychology. He was inspired by Russian physiologists to abandon his career in religion and decided to take courses in natural science. He received the degree of Candidate of Natural Sciences. He continued his education and received his doctorate in medicine and was also awarded a gold medal. In 1890 he joined the Institute of Environmental Medicine and directed the department of physiology. He included his idea of “nervism” in his 45 year investigation and research. This, his most famous, research included investigating the gastric function of dogs and later children. He determined that by externalizing the salivary gland, he could collect, analyze, and measure the saliva response to food under certain conditions. He noticed the dogs started to salivate even before food was put near their mouths and called this the “psychic secretion”. This was an accidental discovery but Pavlov had the foresight to realize the importance of it. He discovered that by using the stimulus, food and bell, that he demonstrated how the stimulus-response bonds are formed. Pavlov is best known for classical conditioning, transmarginal inhibition, and behavior

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