Joan of Arc's Effect on the Hundred Years' War Essay

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The Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) consisted of numerous small raids between local armies in which the French suffered many losses. Two of these losses included the battles at Crecy and Poitiers. However, over time, the French rebounded after the victory at the battle in Orleans in 1429, which was led by 17-year old French peasant, Joan of Arc. Before going into battle, Joan sent a letter to the English demanding that they leave France. Joan’s letter to the king of England in 1429 and her role in the battle at Orleans played a symbolic role and affected the French’s success in the Hundred Years’ War by increasing French spirits and showing the weakness of the English.
When the Hundred Years’ War began in 1337, the strength of the French
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Henry V of England also forced Charles VI to make him king of France. At the same time, the Black Death killed ⅓ of France’s population, which caused a damaged economy where agricultural production sank, tax revenues dropped, and labor costs rose.
In the midst of the Hundred Years’ War and downfall of the French empire, a peasant girl named Joan of Arc, also known as the Maid, was able to follow what she truly believed in, which was her mission to save France, and lead an army to battle. Joan was a peasant girl, born in the small town of Domremy in 1412. At the age of 13, Joan claimed to have heard voices of Saints Catherine and Margaret and archangel Michael. They told her that she had to raise the sieged in Orleans and drive the English out of France. She believed her revelations had come from God, and it was her mission to help save France. From her voices, Joan was able to believe in herself: “No one (else) in the world...can recover the kingdom of France; there is no succor to be expected save from me...because my Lord wills that I should do it.” Joan followed the instructions of the voices and transformed herself. She ceased to attend village dances, cut her hair short, dressed like a knight, wore an armor, used a sword, and learned to ride horseback. Joan also claimed that her voices told her to help the dauphin, Charles VII, in the war, so she made a trip to Chinon and two days later, on March 6, 1429, Joan met the dauphin. Charles

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