How "1984" Relates to 20th Century European History Essay

877 Words 4 Pages
CRAM Exclusive
Essay Sample
The book 1984 describes a future society in which Winston Smith lives as a member of the Outer Party, the organization which rules the state of Oceania, where Winston lives. The year 1984 is an arbitrary year, since Winston cannot be sure of the past or present, due to the fact that the Party and Big Brother are in the continuous process of manufacturing history, much like revisionists, in order to control the minds and the memories of the citizens of Oceania. Orwell describes the citizens in

middle of document…

The proletarians in 1984 are called "proles." The Revolution was led by intellectuals; the peasants did not care about the ideals of the Revolution. They were only concerned with having food on the table, and land on which to live. Ultimately the Revolution was betrayed, and became a totalitarian state led by Stalin. Did the Communists in 1917, when the intellectuals seized the power for the ultimate good of the peasants, really have the best interests of the peasants at heart? The main opponent of Stalin, who had stated that the Revolution had been betrayed was Trotsky, who has a counterpart in the book 1984 in the person of Emmanuel Goldstein, who is the enemy of the state which Big Brother rules over, and is supposedly the author of the book, "The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism," which Winston obtains from O'Brien and is reading at the time of his and Julia's capture by Big Brother. Goldstein was a member of the original Revolution, but broke off from his fellow revolutionaries, and is now seen as a traitor by them. The book explains to Winston how the modern society came into being, and how the Party maintains power, but the question of why the Party, or system, is in place is later explained by O'Brien during torture sessions. The book 1984 is about the use of power by and the need for power of totalitarian regimes of the twentieth century. O'Brien compares the power of the Party to the power
CRAM Exclusive

Related Documents

  • European History in the 13th and 14th Centuries Essay

    eventually brought to an end as all the revolts were. The economy was very successful in the early middle ages, but soon decreased for many reasons. The revival of trade created a successful economy for Europe in the 12th and part of the 13th century. Burgs, communes, and guild were created which helped the industry. Around the time of the Black Death, society was divided into three estates: clergy, nobility, and laborers. Due to the plague, there was a great labor shortage. This meant that peasants

    Words: 816 - Pages: 4
  • Advertising in the 20th Century Essay

    advertisement sky-rocketed the sales of 7UP, “seeing a 64% increase of profit the next year.” “In earlier times and other places, the quest for health had occurred within larger communal, ethical, or religious frameworks of meaning. By the late nineteenth century those frameworks were eroding. The quest for health was becoming an entirely secular and self-referential project, rooted in peculiarly modern emotional needs.” As the economy took off in the 1920’s so did another way of consuming goods and services

    Words: 1183 - Pages: 5
  • How Diplomacy Changed from the 19th Century to the 20th Century

    Congress of Vienna, during the nineteenth century. Power politics gave way to diplomatic concessions at congresses, but appeared non-binding. States still relied on their militaries to promote national security while their diplomats brokered their interests within other states. Diplomacy changed with the First World War in the twentieth century. Critics such as Woodrow Wilson blamed the breakdown of peace arrived at by the conferences in the nineteenth century on the secretive nature of the international

    Words: 1285 - Pages: 6
  • Essay about 19th and 20th Century of Europe

    1996) In the late 19th century, wage convergence was mostly a story about Europe catching up with the New World, and of Argentina and Canada catching up with Australia and the United States. It was less a story about European latecomers catching up to European leaders. Convergence did take place within Europe, but it was a modest affair in the aggregate since the spectacular catching-up successes on the continent were offset by some equally spectacular failures. This European experience deserves a

    Words: 936 - Pages: 4
  • British Literature of the 20th Century Essay

    She was succeeded by her son Edward VII (1901-1910) and this period in the history of the country marked the beginning of the Edwardian Period, period of peace and prosperity. The Edwardians preserved much of their heritage from Victorian time; it included the consequences of the great spiritual and intellectual discoveries of the previous period, and capitalized the material gains. English society was as firmly as ever. English wealth remained in a few hands, despite a growing suspicion that it

    Words: 9380 - Pages: 38
  • Jazz Influences on the 20th Century Essay

    revived the area. Louis Armstrong’s contribution to jazz is so remarkable; he played the trumpet like no other person of his time. His sound was so soothing to the ears. When you think about jazz, Louis Armstrong is one of the first names most people relate to. Jelly “Roll” Morton was probably the most influential artist there is. As an innovative piano stylist and composer, he began his odyssey outside of New Orleans as early as 1907. He continued his work throughout the 1920’s and was considered the

    Words: 1165 - Pages: 5
  • Global Politics in the 20th Century Essay

    War). In a multipolar system, the likelihood of miscalculation would be high because more great powers are getting involved. Therefore, it is the most war-prone system among the three. To further explain how multipolarity promotes war through miscalculation, I will discuss respectively how miscalculations of three different elements contribute to instability of a system. The three elements are states’ military might, states’ intentions, and offense-defense balance. Miscalculation of other states’

    Words: 2257 - Pages: 10
  • Oppression in the Early 20th Century Essay

    Hale, by contrast, shows what John Wright did to Minnie after they got married. Mrs. Hale says “She -- come to think of it, she was kind of like a bird herself -- real sweet and pretty, but kind of timid and -- fluttery. How -- she -- did – change” (Susan Glaspell, 22). John Wright abuses Minnie by disregarding her personality and individuality, and eventually Minnie kills John to escape that abuse. Glaspell is using the relationship between the Wrights to support the idea that it only takes a matter

    Words: 1577 - Pages: 7
  • Black Leaders of 20th Century Essay

    South grew to be more than Fortune could take due to racism, he decided to leave and move to New York. He was a self-taught man and attended school for only three months. Fortune spent most of his free time studying and reading books literature, history, law and government. This helped him design his own literary and oratory style of writing. As a journalist and the editor

    Words: 1285 - Pages: 6
  • Essay about History and the Novel 1984

    In the novel 1984, Oceania is depicted as a totalitarian state. Oceania can be both similar and different compared to totalitarian states of the twentieth century, one imparticular, Germany's National Socialism. Oceania and National Socialism are similar in several ways. A large part of the novel deals with the relationship between The Party and society. Many of the techniques used by The Party are similar to those used by Hitler. One of these ways, or techniques is propaganda. In Orwell's

    Words: 857 - Pages: 4