Hospital-acquired Pneumonia Prevention Essays

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In this day and age, the general population assumes that when someone is hospitalized the risk for getting a new infection while in the hospital is minimal. However, in the United States the risk for gaining a hospital-associated infection has become a serious concern and a costly one at that. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has reported that hospital-associated infections have cost an estimate of 35.7 to 45 billion dollars to United States hospital when 20% of these infections could have been preventable with the correct interventions. One of the most common hospital-associated infections has become hospital-acquired pneumonia. (Scott II, 2009) This type of pneumonia is easily preventable if healthcare workers would comply …show more content…
Pneumonia is usually first recognized by the signs and symptoms of shortness of breath, coughing, thick sputum, chest pain, fatigue, fever, and headache. Pneumonia can occur lobar meaning that it can occur in one segment or one entire lobe of the lung creating consolidation in that lobe. (Ignatavicius & Workman, pp. 647-649)
Currently, there are two categorizes that pneumonia can fall into depending on how it was acquired. These two categorizes are community-acquired pneumonia and hospital-acquired pneumonia. Community-acquired results from exposure in the community or the client’s normal environment. Hospital-acquired pneumonia occurs from exposure to pathogens during hospitalization. Hospital-acquired pneumonia has been shown to be more resistant to antibiotics than Community-acquired pneumonia which is why it has become such a rising issue along with all hospital-associated infections. (Ignatavicius & Workman pp. 647) According to Kleinpell, Munro, and Giuliano (2008), “Hospital-associated infections have been identified as one of the most serious patient safety issues in health care” and there has been 2 million cases reported per year. These hospital-associated infections have been estimated as the cause for nearly 20,000 deaths per year. (Kleinpell et al., 2008)
Based on these facts, healthcare providers should be taking a more serious look at what they are doing to prevent these infections in the

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