Fragmentation of Rajaji National Park Essay

779 Words 4 Pages
Fragmentation of Rajaji National Park: Rajaji National Park is attempting to secure corridors for its wildlife, elephants in particular, though this continues to be a cumbersome and challenging task. These corridors have been fragmented by villages, by a national highway, water channels, railway tracks, transmission lines and even an Army ammunition dump. These corridors are being shrunk and fragmented, posing a grave threat to tigers as well elephants.
An elephant moves long distances and as it is large in size, a corridor that is adequate for elephants is suitable for every other wildlife species in the forest such as tigers, deer or other smaller animals. Uttarakhand has a sizable population of both tigers and elephants, and therefore
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Author: Ritesh Joshi, Rambir Singh
"The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Prime Concern." The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Prime Concern. N.p., n.d. <http://www.tribuneindia.com/2014/20140119/prime.htm#2>.

Poaching: Poaching is illegal hunting, killing or capturing of wild animals for illegal gain or trade. Many animals are captured and killed and their body parts are sold for medicinal purposes, or fur for clothing, or ivory for carvings etc. In Rajaji national park, there have been instances of elephants being poisoned and their tusks chopped off with axes. The largest populations of elephants in India are found in the Northeast and southern states. Poaching in these areas have been at such a large-scale that the male to female ration has dropped to 1:25, as only males have tusks and therefore have value for poachers. Poachers near the Rajaji and Corbett region have regularly killed big cats like the tiger and leopard and deer, more so than elephants. Tigers are victims of poaching in India. The largest threat is the oriental medicine trade in tiger bones outside India. Poachers use steel traps, electrocution, firearms and poison to kill tigers. Tiger poaching occurs in all with large tiger populations, particularly in the States of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Rajasthan,

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