Fall of Constantinople Essay

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On May 29, 1453, after 49 days of consecutive cannon fire, the proud walls of the city of Constantinople were breached (Nardo 43; Corrick 98). Lead by Mehmed II, the Ottoman Turks of the Ottoman Empire poured into the city and claimed it as theirs (Corrick 98). The siege of Constantinople not only drastically affected the city itself, but also the group that took over the city. The fall of Constantinople in 1453 lead to political, religious, social, and economical changes within the city that would greatly benefit the Ottoman Empire.
The fall of Constantinople, although seen as the fall of an entire empire, would initiate the rise in power of a new group, the Ottomans. Constantinople was once the capital of the Byzantine Empire (Corrick
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Not only did the Ottomans conquer the capital of a vast empire, they conquered the capital of Christianity.
Constantinople was the heart of the Eastern Orthodox Christianity but when the Ottoman Empire took over the Christian capital, they retailored the city with a cloth of a different faith (Fall of Constantinople, 1453). When Rome started to decline not only did it lose its power and wealth, it also lost its title as the center of the Christian Church, as the center relocated to Constantinople (Beck 171). The people of Constantinople centered their lives around Christianity which was evident in Hagia Sophia, the head church of Constantinople for more than 1,000 years (Stockdale). The church was built with impressive and marvelous arches, domes, colonnades that were decorated with glimmering gold, burnished bronze, smooth marble, and mosaics of iconic Christian symbols (Stockdale). However, during the reign under the Islamic Ottomans, the sultan, Mehmed II, ordered Hagia Sophia’s crosses to be taken down and replaced with crescents. He then ordered workers to build wooden minarets, a place for muslim prayer and the workers also plastered over many mosaics featuring Christian art in order not to offend any Muslims (Stockdale). And lastly, the sultan renamed the church of Hagia Sophia, “Aya Sofya Camii” or when translated, Hagia Sophia

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